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Countries of the World: Venezuela
Resources about Venezuela including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Venezuela GDP (2008): $313 billion. Annual growth rate (2009): -2.9%. GDP per capita (2008): $11,207. Government expenditures (2008): 27% of GDP. Natural resources: Petroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, gold, diamonds, bauxite, other minerals, hydroelectric power. Petroleum industry (11.6% of 2009 GDP in constant 1997 dollars): Oil refining, petrochemicals. Manufacturing (15.2% of 2009 GDP in constant 2007 dollars): Types--iron and steel products, paper products, aluminum, textiles, transport equipment, consumer products. Agriculture (4% of GDP): Products--corn, sorghum, rice, bananas, vegetables, coffee, beef, pork, poultry, milk, eggs, fish. Trade: Exports (2009)--$60.9 billion: petroleum ($57.6 billion), aluminum, steel, chemical products, iron ore, cigarettes, plastics, fish, cement, and paper products. Major markets (2005)--U.S. 57.5%, the Netherlands 5.2%, Mexico 4.5%, Colombia 4.5%. Imports (2009)--$38.5 billion: consumer goods, machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, construction materials. Major suppliers (Jan.-Oct. 2009)--U.S. 27.0%, Colombia 12.6%, China 10.2%, Brazil 8.2%. Exchange rate (2010): 2.6 bolivares fuertes=U.S. $1 for some transactions; 4.3 bolivares fuertes=U.S. $1 for other transactions.

Geography of Venezuela Area: 912,050 sq. km. (352,143 sq. mi.); slightly more than twice the size of California. Cities: Capital--Caracas (metro. area pop. 3.2 million). Other major cities--Maracaibo, Valencia, Barquisimeto, Maracay, Merida, Ciudad Bolivar. Terrain: Andes Mountains and Maracaibo Lowlands in northwest; central plains; Guiana Highlands in southeast. Climate: Varies from tropical to temperate, depending on elevation.

Government of Venezuela Type: Federal Republic. Independence: July 5, 1811. Constitution: December 30, 1999. Branches: Executive--President (head of government and chief of state; 6-year term); Council of Ministers (cabinet, appointed by president). Legislative--unicameral Congress (5-year term). Judicial--32-member Supreme Court (elected by Congress; 12-year term). Electoral--National Electoral Council (elected by Congress; 7-year term). Citizen Power-- Attorney General, Ombudsman, Comptroller General (elected by Congress; 7-year term). Subdivisions: 23 states, one federal district (Caracas), and one federal dependency (72 islands). Major political parties: United Socialist Party of Venezuela (PSUV), Fifth Republic Movement or Movimiento V Republica (MVR), Democratic Action or Accion Democratica (AD), Christian Democrats or Comite Organizador Politico por Elecciones Independientes (COPEI), Homeland for All or Patria Para Todos (PPT), Movement to Socialism or Movimiento al Socialismo (MAS), Radical Cause or La Causa Radical, First Justice or Primero Justicia, the National Convergence or Convergencia, For Social Democracy (Podemos), and Un Nuevo Tiempo (UNT). Suffrage: Universal, age 18 and over. Principal government officials: See listing under History and Political Conditions section.

Map of Venezuela This Map of Venezuela shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Caracas the capital of Venezuela. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Venezuela The Official Name of Venezuela is the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Venezuela Nationality: Noun and adjective--Venezuelan(s). Population (Dec. 2009 est.): 28,385,627. Annual population growth: 1.6%. Religion: Roman Catholic 96%, Protestant 2%, other 2%. Language: Spanish (official), numerous indigenous dialects. Education: Years compulsory--9. Literacy--95%. Health: Infant mortality rate--22.02 deaths/1,000 live births. Life expectancy--73.38 years. Ethnic groups: Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Arab, German, African, Amerindian.

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