Countries of the World:
Resources about Zambia including maps, facts about the land, people,
history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Zambia
GDP (2008, purchasing power parity): $17.39 billion.
Annual growth rate (2010, projected): 5.8%.
Per capita GDP (2008, current prices): $1,500.
Natural resources: Copper, cobalt, zinc, lead, coal,
emeralds, gold, silver, uranium, hydroelectric power,
Agriculture: Products--corn, sorghum, rice, groundnuts,
sunflower seeds, vegetables, fruits, flowers, tobacco,
cotton, sugarcane, livestock, coffee, and soybeans.
Industry: Types--mining, transport, construction,
foodstuffs, beverages, chemicals, and textiles.
Trade (2008 est.): Exports--$5.08 billion: copper, cobalt,
lead, and zinc, cut vegetables, cotton, tobacco. Major
markets--Switzerland, China, Pakistan, Democratic Republic
of the Congo, South Africa, Malawi. Imports--$5.06 billion:
crude oil, refined petroleum products, manufactured goods,
machinery, transport equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals. Major
suppliers--South Africa, China, Democratic Republic of the
Congo, United Kingdom.
Major donors: Donor contributions totaled $1.181 billion in
2010, as reported by Ministry of Finance and National
Planning. The European Commission is Zambia's largest
multilateral donor. Other key multilateral donors include
the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), UN
agencies, and the African Development Bank. Counting direct
bilateral assistance and assistance through multilateral
agencies, the United States is Zambia's largest country
donor, amounting to approximately $390 million in 2010.
Geography of Zambia
Area: 752,612 sq. km. (290,585 sq. mi.); slightly larger than
Cities: Capital--Lusaka (pop. approx. 1.7 million).
Other cities: Kitwe, Ndola, Livingstone, Kabwe.
Terrain: Varies; mostly plateau savanna.
Climate: Generally dry and temperate.
Government of Zambia
Independence: October 24, 1964.
Constitution: 1991 (as amended in 1996).
Branches: Executive--president (chief of state and head of
government), cabinet. Legislative--unicameral National
Assembly. Judicial--Supreme Court, high court, magistrate
courts, and local courts.
Ruling political party: Movement for Multi-party Democracy
Suffrage: Universal adult.
Subdivisions: Nine provinces subdivided into 72 districts.
Map of Zambia
This Map of Zambia shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Lusaka the capital of Zambia.
(Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Zambia
The Official Name of Zambia is the Republic of Zambia. (Facts
from the U.S. State Department)
People of Zambia
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Zambian(s).
Population (mid-2009 est.): Approx. 12.9 million.
Annual population growth rate (2009): 2.9%.
Ethnic groups: More than 70 ethnic groups.
Religions: Christian, indigenous beliefs, Muslim, Hindu.
Languages: English (official), about 70 local languages and
dialects, including Bemba, Lozi, Kaonde, Lunda, Luvale, Tonga,
Education: No compulsory education; 7 years free education.
Literacy--women: 60.6%; men: 81.6%.
Health: Infant mortality rate--70/1,000. Life expectancy--
38.63 years. HIV prevalence (15-49 years of age)--14.3%.
Work force: Agriculture--75%; mining and manufacturing--6%;
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