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Countries of the World: Argentina
Resources about Argentina including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Argentina GDP (2009): $306.7 billion. Annual real growth rate (2009 est.): +0.9%. Per capita GDP (2009): $7,472. Natural resources: Fertile plains (pampas); minerals--lead, zinc, tin, copper, iron, manganese, oil, and uranium. Agriculture (7% of GDP; including agribusiness, about 58% of exports by value): Products--oilseeds and by-products, grains, livestock products. Industry (32% of GDP): Types--food processing, oil refining, machinery and equipment, textiles, chemicals and petrochemicals. Trade: Exports ($55.5 billion)--oilseed by-products, vegetable oils, cars, fuels, grains. Major markets--MERCOSUR 25%; EU 19%; NAFTA 9%. Imports ($38.8 billion)--machinery, vehicles and transport products, chemicals. Major suppliers--MERCOSUR 33%; EU 17%, NAFTA 17%. Imported goods from the United States totaled approx. 13.2% of Argentine imported goods.

Geography of Argentina Area: 2.8 million sq. km. (1.1 million sq. mi.); about the size of the U.S. east of the Mississippi River; second-largest country in South America. Climate: Varied; predominantly temperate, with extremes ranging from subtropical in the north to arid/sub-Antarctic in far south.

Government of Argentina Type: Republic. Constitution: 1853; revised 1994. Independence: 1816. Branches: Executive--president, vice president, cabinet. Legislative--bicameral Congress (72-member Senate, 257-member Chamber of Deputies). Judicial--Supreme Court, federal and provincial trial courts. Administrative subdivisions: 23 provinces and one autonomous district (Federal Capital). Political parties: Justicialist (Peronist), Radical Civic Union (UCR), numerous smaller national and provincial parties. Suffrage: Compulsory for adults aged 18-70; optional for those over 70.

Map of Argentina This Map of Argentina shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Buenos Aires the capital of Argentina. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Argentina The Official Name of Argentina is Argentine Republic.(Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Argentina Nationality: Noun and adjective--Argentine(s). Population (2010 est.): 41.029 million. Annual population growth rate (2010 est.): 1.053%. Ethnic groups: European 97%, mostly of Spanish and Italian descent; mestizo, Amerindian, or other nonwhite groups 3%. Religions: Roman Catholic 92%, Protestant 2%, Jewish 1%, other 5%. Language: Spanish. Education: Compulsory until age 18. Adult literacy (2001)-- 97%. Health: Infant mortality rate--11.44/1,000. Life expectancy (2010 est.)--76.76 yrs. Work force: Industry and commerce--35.8%; agriculture--9.5%; services--54.7%.

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