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Countries of the World: Armenia
Resources about Armenia including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Armenia GDP: $8.71 billion. GDP growth rate (CIA World Factbook, 2009): -14.4%. Per capita GDP PPP (World Economic Outlook, 2009 est.): $4,915. Inflation (CIA World Factbook, 2009): 3.4%. Natural resources: Copper, molybdenum, zinc, gold, silver, lead, marble, granite, mineral spring water. Agriculture: Products--fruits and vegetables, wines, dairy, some livestock. Industry: Types--diamond-processing, metal-cutting machine tools, forging-pressing machines, electric motors, tires, knitted wear, hosiery, shoes, silk fabric, chemicals, trucks, instruments, microelectronics, jewelry manufacturing, software development, food processing, brandy. Trade: Exports--$698 million: pig iron, unwrought copper, nonferrous metals, diamonds, mineral products, foodstuffs, energy. Export partners (2009)--Germany 16.5%, Russia 15.4%, U.S. 9.6%, Bulgaria 8.6%, Georgia 7.6%, Netherlands 7.5%. Imports (2009)--$3.3 billion: natural gas, petroleum, tobacco products, foodstuffs, diamonds. Import partners (2009)--Russia 16%, U.A.E. 8.8%, Ukraine 5.6%, Turkey 4.8%, Georgia 4.6%, Iran 4.4%.

Geography of Armenia Area: 29,800 sq. km. (11,500 sq. mi.); slightly larger than Maryland. Cities: Capital--Yerevan. Terrain: High plateau with mountains, little forest land. Climate: Highland continental, hot summers, cold winters.

Government of Armenia Type: Republic. Constitution: Approved in July 1995 referendum, amended in November 2005. Independence: 1918 (First Armenian Republic); 1991 (from Soviet Union). Branches: Executive--president (head of state) with wider powers relative to other branches, prime minister (head of the ministerial cabinet). Legislative--unicameral National Assembly (parliament). Judicial--Constitutional Court (constitutional matters exclusively); Court of Cassation, Appeals Courts (Civil and Criminal), Courts of First Instance. Administrative subdivisions: 10 marzes (regions) and capital Yerevan (status of community since 2008). Political parties represented in the National Assembly: Republican Party of Armenia, Prosperous Armenia, Armenian Revolutionary Federation (ARF) Dashnaktsutyun, Rule of Law (Orinats Yerkir), and the Heritage Party. Other political parties and movements include: Armenian National Congress, People's Party of Armenia, National Accord Party, Republic Party, New Times Party, United Labor Party, Dashink Party, National Democratic Union, Armenian National Movement, and dozens of other registered parties, many of which become active only during national campaigns, if at all. Suffrage: Universal at 18.

Map of Armenia This Map of Armenia shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Yerevan the capital of Armenia. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Armenia The Official Name of Armenia is the Republic of Armenia. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Armenia Nationality: Noun--Armenian(s). Adjective--Armenian. Population: Estimates range from 2,967,004 (CIA World Factbook, July 2009 est.) to 3,235,000 (Armenia National Statistical Service, October 1, 2008 est.). Ethnic groups: Armenian 97.9%; Yezidi 1.3%; Russian, Greek, and other 0.8%. Religion: Armenian Apostolic Church (more than 90% nominally affiliated). Languages: Armenian (96%), Russian, other. Education: Literacy--99%. Health: Infant mortality rate--20.21/1,000. Life expectancy-- 72.68 years. Work force (1.481 million; 7.1% unemployed): Industry and construction--15.6%; agriculture and forestry--46.2%; services--38.2%.

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