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Countries of the World: Aruba
Resources about Aruba including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Aruba GDP (2008): $1.968 billion. Growth rate (2008): -1.6%. Per capita GDP (2008): $25,922. Natural resources: Beaches. Tourism/services and oil refining are dominant factors in GDP. Trade (2009): Exports--$138 million: oil products, live animals and animal products, art and collectibles, machinery and electrical equipment, transport equipment. Major markets in value--Panama (23.89%), Colombia (17.42%), Netherlands Antilles (20.51%), U.S. (9.35%), Venezuela (12.60%), Netherlands (7.56%). Imports--$1.092 billion: crude petroleum, food, manufactures. Major suppliers--U.S. (49.5%), Netherlands (16.14%), U.K. (4.94%).

Geography of Aruba Area: 180 sq. km. (112 sq. mi.). Cities: Capital--Oranjestad. Terrain: Flat with a few hills; scant vegetation. Climate: Subtropical.

Government of Aruba Type: Parliamentary democracy. Independence: Part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Branches: Executive--monarch represented by a governor (chief of state), prime minister (head of government), Cabinet. Legislative--unicameral parliament. Judicial--Joint High Court of Justice appointed by the monarch. Subdivisions: Aruba is divided into eight regions--Noord/Tank Leendert, Oranjestad (west), Oranjestad (east), Paradera, Santa Cruz, Savaneta, Sint Nicolaas (north), and Sint Nicolaas (south). Political parties: People's Electoral Movement (MEP), Aruba People's Party (AVP), Network (RED), Aruban Patriotic Movement (MPA), Real Democracy (PDR), Aruba Liberal Organization (OLA), Aruba Patriotic Party (PPA), Aruba Democratic Alliance (ALIANSA), Socialist Movement of Aruba (MSA). Suffrage: Universal at 18 years.

Map of Aruba This Map of Aruba shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Oranjestad the capital of Aruba. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Aruba The Official Name of Aruba is Aruba. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Aruba Nationality: Noun and adjective--Aruban(s). Population (2008): 106,050. Annual population growth rate: 1.46%. Ethnic groups: Mixed white/Caribbean Amerindian 80%, other 20%. Religion: Roman Catholic 81%, Evangelist 4.1%, Protestant 2.5%, Jehovah’s Witness 1.5%, Methodist 1.2%, other 5.3%, unspecified or none 4.6%. Languages: Dutch (official); Papiamento, Spanish, and English also are spoken. Education: Literacy--97%. Health: Infant mortality rate--16/1,000. Life expectancy--72 years for men, 78 years for women. Work force (54,720): Most employment is in wholesale and retail trade and repair, followed by hotels and restaurants and oil refining. Unemployment--about 5.7% (2007).

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