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Countries of the World: Azerbaijan
Resources about Azerbaijan including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Azerbaijan GDP (2009 est.): $55.96 billion. (Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) Azerbaijan Country Report) GDP real growth rate: 9.3% (2009); 10.8% (2008). (EIU) Per capita GDP (2009 est., PPP): U.S. $12,541. (EIU) Inflation rate (2009): 1.5%. (EIU) Unemployment rate: 6% (2009 est.); 7% (2008). (CIA World Factbook/IndexMuni) Natural resources: Petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, nonferrous metals, alumina. Agriculture: Products--cotton, tobacco, grain, rice, grapes, fruit, vegetables, tea, cattle, pigs, sheep, goats. Industry: Types--petroleum and natural gas, petroleum products, oilfield equipment, steel, iron ore, cement, chemicals, petrochemicals. Trade: Exports--$19.9 billion (2009 est.); $30.6 billion (2008); $6.1 billion (2007): oil and gas, chemicals, oilfield equipment, textiles, cotton. Imports--$6.8 billion (2009 est.); $7.6 billion (2008); $5.7 billion (2007): machinery and parts, consumer durables, foodstuffs, textiles. Major trade partners--Italy, Russia, Turkey, Israel, U.S., Iran, other EU, and other countries formerly part of the Soviet Union. (Government of Azerbaijan)

Geography of Azerbaijan Location: South Caucasus; bordered by Russia to the north, the Caspian Sea to the east, Iran to the south, and Georgia and Armenia to the west. Area: 33,774 sq. mi. (includes Nakhchivan and Nagorno-Karabakh enclaves); slightly smaller than Maine. Cities: Capital--Baku. Terrain: Caucasus Mountains to the north, lowland in the central area through which the Kura River flows. Climate: Dry, subtropical with hot summers and mild winters; forests, meadows, and alpine tundra in the mountains.

Government of Azerbaijan Type: Republic. Constitution: Approved in November 1995 referendum; amended August 2002 and March 2009. Independence: August 30, 1991 (from Soviet Union). Branches: Executive--president (chief of state), prime minister (head of government), Council of Ministers (cabinet). Legislative--unicameral National Assembly (parliament). Judicial--Supreme Court. Administrative subdivisions: 78 rayons, 11 cities, and 1 autonomous republic. Political parties: New Azerbaijan Party, Musavat Party, Popular Front Party, Liberal Party, Democratic Party, National Independence Party, Democratic Reforms Party, Civil Solidarity Party, Hope Party, Justice Party, Communist Party, others. There are more than 40 registered political parties in Azerbaijan and many small, unregistered parties. Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal.

Map of Azerbaijan This Map of Azerbaijan shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Baku the capital of Azerbaijan. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Azerbaijan The Official Name of Azerbaijan is the Republic of Azerbaijan. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Azerbaijan Nationality: Noun--Azerbaijani(s), Azeri. Adjective-- Azerbaijani, Azeri. Population (April 2010): 9.022 million. (State Statistical Committee of Azerbaijan (SSCA)) Population growth rate (2008): 1.3%. (SSCA) Net migration rate (2009 est.): -1.69 migrants/1,000 population. Ethnic groups (1999 census): Azeri 90.6%, Dagestani 2.2%, Russian 1.8%, Armenian 1.5%, other 3.9%. Note: the separatist Nagorno-Karabakh region is populated almost entirely by ethnic Armenians. Religion: Muslim 93.4% (majority Shi'a), Russian Orthodox 2.5%, Armenian Orthodox Church 2.3%, and other 1.8%. Languages: Azerbaijani 89%, Russian 3%, Armenian 2%, and other 6%. (Much of the population, particularly in Baku, is bilingual--Azerbaijani and Russian.) Education: Literacy rate--99.5%. (2007 UN Human Development Report) Health: Infant mortality rate (2005-2010)--72.3/1,000 live births. Life expectancy (2005-2010)--71.2/63.8 years (women/men). Work force (April 2010): 4.333 million. Agriculture and forestry--38.3%; wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles, personal and household goods--16.1%; education-- 8.5%; public administration and defense, social security-- 6.8%.

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