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Countries of the World: Bahrain
Resources about Bahrain including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Bahrain GDP (2007 est.): $18.44 billion. Real GDP growth rate (2007 est.): 6.7%. Per capita GDP (2007 est.): $17,615. Natural resources: Oil, aluminum, textiles, natural gas, fish, pearls. Agriculture (less than 1% of GDP): Products--fruit, vegetables, poultry, dairy products, shrimp, fish. Industry: Types--oil and gas (13.1% of GDP), manufacturing (12.4% of GDP), aluminum. Services: Finance (24.2% of GDP), transport and communications (8.9% of GDP), real estate (9.2% of GDP); government services (14.8% of GDP). Trade (2006 est.): Exports--$12.62 billion: oil and other mineral products, aluminum, textiles. Major markets-- Saudi Arabia (3.2%), U.S. (3%), Japan (2.3%). Imports--$9.04 billion: crude oil, machinery and appliances, transport equipment, foodstuffs. Major suppliers--Saudi Arabia (37.3%), Japan (6.8%), U.S. (6.2%), U.K. (6.2%), Germany (5%), U.A.E. (4.2%).

Geography of Bahrain Area: 727 sq. km. (274 sq. mi.); approximately four times the size of Washington, DC. Bahrain is an archipelago of 36 islands located off the eastern coast of Saudi Arabia. The four main islands are joined by causeways, and make up about 95% of the total land area. Cities: Capital--Manama, pop. (2002 est.) 148,000. Other cities--Al Muharraq. Terrain: Low desert plain (highest elevation point--122 m). Climate: Hot and humid from May-September, with average highs ranging from 30o-40o C (86o-104o F). Maximum temperatures average 20o-30o C (68o-86o F) the remainder of the year.

Government of Bahrain Type: Constitutional hereditary monarchy. Independence: August 15, 1971 (from the United Kingdom). Constitution: Approved and promulgated May 26, 1973; suspended on August 26, 1975; the National Action Charter was approved by a national popular referendum on February 14-15, 2001, and a new constitution was issued on February 14, 2002. Branches: Executive--King (chief of state); Prime Minister (head of government); Council of Ministers (cabinet) is appointed by the King and headed by the Prime Minister. Legislative--The bicameral parliament (al-Majlis al-Watani) consists of a 40-member elected Council of Representatives (elected in December 2006; next election scheduled for 2010) and a 40-member Shura (Consultative) Council appointed by the King. Members of both chambers serve four-year terms. Judicial--High Civil Appeals Court. The judiciary is independent with right of judicial review. Administrative subdivisions: 12 municipalities (manatiq): Al Hidd, Al Manamah, Al Mintaqah al Gharbiyah, Al Mintaqah al Wusta, Al Mintaqah ash Shamaliyah, Al Muharraq, Ar Rifa' wa al Mintaqah al Janubiyah, Jidd Hafs, Madinat Hamad, Madinat 'Isa, Juzur Hawar, Sitrah. Political societies represented in parliament: al Wifaq, al Asala, al Minbar, al Mustaqbil. Suffrage: Universal at age 18.

Map of Bahrain This Map of Bahrain shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Manama the capital of Bahrain. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Bahrain The Official Name of Bahrain is the Kingdom of Bahrain. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Bahrain Nationality: Noun and adjective--Bahraini(s). Population (January 2008 est.): 1,046,814, including about 517,368 non-nationals. Annual growth rate (2008 est.): 3.6%. Ethnic groups: Bahraini 63%, Asian 19%, other Arab 10%, Iranian 8%. Religions: 98% Muslim (approximately Shi'a 70%, Sunni 30%), with small Christian, Jewish, Baha’i, and Hindu communities. Languages: Arabic (official), English, Farsi, and Urdu are also widely spoken. Education: Education is not compulsory, but is provided free to Bahrainis and non-nationals at all levels, including higher education. Estimated net primary school attendance (1991- 2001)--84%. Adult literacy, age 15 and over (2003 est.)--89.1% for the overall population (male 91.9%, female 85%). Health: Infant mortality rate (2007 est.)--16.18 deaths/1,000 live births. Life expectancy--72 yrs. males, 77 yrs. females. Work force (2006 est.): 352,000 of which 44% are foreigners.

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