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Countries of the World: Belarus
Resources about Belarus including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Belarus GDP (purchasing power parity): $116 billion (2009 est.); $116.2 billion (2008 est.). GDP growth rate (2009 est.): -0.2%. Per capita GDP (PPP): $11,600 (2009 est.); $12,000 (2008 est.). Natural resources: Forest land, peat deposits, potash, small amounts of oil and natural gas. Agriculture: Products--grain, potatoes, vegetables, flax, beef, milk. Industry: Types--machinery and transport equipment, chemical products, fabrics, and consumer goods. Trade (2009): Exports--$ 24.8 billion (refined petroleum, potash fertilizers, machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, foodstuffs, metals, and textiles). Major markets- -Russia, Germany, Netherlands, Poland, Great Britain, Ukraine, and Latvia. Imports--$30.4 billion (mineral products, machinery and equipment, metals, crude oil and natural gas, chemicals, foodstuffs). Major suppliers-- Russia, Germany, Ukraine, Poland, Italy, Lithuania, China. Exchange rate (May 2010): 3,000 BYR (Belarusian rubles) = U.S. $1.

Geography of Belarus Area: 207,600 sq. km. (80,100 sq. mi.); slightly smaller than Kansas. Cities: Capital--Minsk. Terrain: Landlocked, low-lying with thick forests, flat marshes and fields. Climate: Cold winters, cool and moist summers, transitional between continental and maritime.

Government of Belarus Type: Republic. Constitution: March 30, 1994; revision by unrecognized national referendum of November 24, 1996, gave presidency greatly expanded powers and became effective November 27, 1996. Independence: 1991 (from Soviet Union). Branches: Executive--President (head of state), Prime Minister (head of government), Council of Ministers (cabinet). Legislative--bicameral: the House of Representatives (110 deputies) and the Council of the Republic (64 deputies). Judicial--Supreme Court and the Constitutional Court. Administrative subdivisions: Six oblasts (regions) and one municipality. Political parties: Belarus has 15 registered political parties, including: Agrarian Party (AP); Belarusian Communist Party (KPB); Green Party Belarusian Social and Sports Party; Belarusian Patriotic Movement (BPR); Belarusian Popular Front (BNF); Belarusian Social-Democrat Party (BSDP); Social-Democratic Hramada Party; Conservative Christian Party-BNF; United Civic Party (UCP); Liberal Democratic Party of Belarus (LDBP); Party of Communists Belarusian (PKB); Party of Popular Accord; Republican Party of Labor and Justice (RPPS); Social Democratic Party of Popular Accord (PPA);Several of these parties exist in name only. Other, unregistered parties are also active, such as: Belarusian Christian Democracy, Belarusian Party of Labor, Women's Party Nadezhda, Christian Conservative Party, and Party of Freedom and Progress. Suffrage: Universal at age 18.

Map of Belarus This Map of Belarus shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Minsk the capital of Belarus. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Belarus The Official Name of Belarus is Republic of Belarus. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Belarus Nationality: Noun--Belarusian(s). Adjective--Belarusian. Population (July 2009 est.): 9,648,533 (urban 73%; rural 27%). Population decline (2009 est.): -0.378%. Ethnic groups (1999 census): Belarusian (81.2%), Russian (11.4%), Polish (3.9%), Ukrainian (2.4%), Jewish (0.3%), other (0.8%). Religions (2004 est.): Eastern Orthodox 80%, Catholic 14%, Protestant 2%, other (including Autocephalous Orthodox, Jewish, Muslim, and Krishna) 4%. Languages: Belarusian and Russian (official). Education: Literacy--99.6%. Health: Infant mortality rate (2009 est.)--6.43/1,000. Life expectancy (2009 est.)--70.63 years (men 64.95 years, women 76.67 years). Work force (4.3 million as of December 31, 2005): Industry-- 34.7%; agriculture and forestry--14%; construction--7.9%; transportation, communications--7.6%; trade, catering--12.2%; education--10.7%; other--24.3%.

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