Countries of the World:
Resources about Bhutan including maps, facts about the land, people,
history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Bhutan
GDP (purchasing power parity 2007 est.): U.S. $3.359 billion.
Real growth rate (2007): 8.5%.
Per capita GDP PPP (2007 est.): U.S. $5,200.
Natural resources: hydroelectricity, timber, limestone, clay,
Sectors as percent of GDP (all figures, 2006-2007):
Agriculture--22.3%; industry--37.9%; services--39.8%.
Trade: Principal exports (2006-2007)--electricity 26.5%,
recorded media 16.8%, palm oil 7.4%, copper wire 6.2%.
Principal imports (2006-2007)--diesel fuel 7.9%, copper wires
7.3%, crude palm oil 5.5%, petrol 3.1%. Major trade partners--
India, Hong Kong, Japan, Germany, Singapore, and Thailand.
Geography of Bhutan
Area: 46,500 sq. km.
Cities: Capital--Thimphu (pop. approx. 55,000) Other
significant cities--Paro, Phoentsholing, Punakha, Bumthong.
Terrain: Mountainous, from the Himalayas to lower-lying
foothills and some savannah.
Climate: Alpine to temperate to subtropical with monsoon
season from June to September.
Government of Bhutan
Type: Constitutional monarchy.
Constitution: The Royal Government, prompted by the King,
initiated a draft constitution in 2003, which was published in
2005. On July 18, 2008, the parliament formally adopted the
constitution, marking the final step in Bhutan's historic
transition from absolute monarchy to parliamentary democracy.
Branches: Executive--prime minister, cabinet. Legislative--
parliament (National Council and National Assembly). The king
appoints five members of the National Council and the
remaining members are elected. Elections for the National
Council (upper house) took place in December 2007. The 47-
member National Assembly (lower house) was elected in March
2008. Judicial--High Court (Thrimkhang Gogma), District
Courts, and local area arbitration.
National Day: December 17 (1907).
Administrative subdivisions (dzongkhags): 20.
Political parties: Two. Druk Phuensum Tshogpa (DPT) and
People's Democratic Party (PDP).
Suffrage: Registered resident with legitimate citizenship, age
18 and above.
Map of Bhutan
This Map of Bhutan shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers,
and cities including Thimphu the capital of Bhutan. (Maps from the U.S.
Official Name of Bhutan
The Official Name of Bhutan is the Kingdom of Bhutan. (Facts
from the U.S. State Department)
People of Bhutan
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Bhutanese.
Population: Approximately 672,425 (according to the 2005
census). Domestic and international estimates of the
population vary greatly.
Annual population growth rate (2007 est.): 2.082%. Density--
45 per sq. km.
Ethnic groups: Drukpa 50% (which is also inclusive of
Sharchops), as well as ethnic Nepalese (Lhotsampas) 35%, and
indigenous or migrant tribes 15%.
Religions: Lamaistic Buddhist 75% (state religion), Indian-
and Nepalese-influenced Hinduism 25%.
Languages: Dzongkha (official language), Bumthang-kha,
English (medium of instruction), Sharchop-kha, Nepali.
Education: Years compulsory--11. Literacy--59.5% (Ministry
of Education General Statistics 2007). Primary school net
enrollment rate 82.1% (UNDP). Women's literacy--59.5%
Health: Infant mortality rate (2007 est.)--total: 96.37
deaths/1,000 live births; male: 94.09 deaths/1,000 live
births; female: 98.77 deaths/1,000 live births. Life
expectancy --total population 67 years; male 69.1 years;
female 59.5 years (Ministry of Education General Statistics
Work force (2005): Agriculture--94%; industry--1%; services-
-5%. The unemployment rate is 3.1% (2005 est.).
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