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Countries of the World: Bhutan
Resources about Bhutan including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Bhutan GDP (purchasing power parity 2007 est.): U.S. $3.359 billion. Real growth rate (2007): 8.5%. Per capita GDP PPP (2007 est.): U.S. $5,200. Natural resources: hydroelectricity, timber, limestone, clay, and slate. Sectors as percent of GDP (all figures, 2006-2007): Agriculture--22.3%; industry--37.9%; services--39.8%. Trade: Principal exports (2006-2007)--electricity 26.5%, recorded media 16.8%, palm oil 7.4%, copper wire 6.2%. Principal imports (2006-2007)--diesel fuel 7.9%, copper wires 7.3%, crude palm oil 5.5%, petrol 3.1%. Major trade partners-- India, Hong Kong, Japan, Germany, Singapore, and Thailand.

Geography of Bhutan Area: 46,500 sq. km. Cities: Capital--Thimphu (pop. approx. 55,000) Other significant cities--Paro, Phoentsholing, Punakha, Bumthong. Terrain: Mountainous, from the Himalayas to lower-lying foothills and some savannah. Climate: Alpine to temperate to subtropical with monsoon season from June to September.

Government of Bhutan Type: Constitutional monarchy. Constitution: The Royal Government, prompted by the King, initiated a draft constitution in 2003, which was published in 2005. On July 18, 2008, the parliament formally adopted the constitution, marking the final step in Bhutan's historic transition from absolute monarchy to parliamentary democracy. Branches: Executive--prime minister, cabinet. Legislative-- parliament (National Council and National Assembly). The king appoints five members of the National Council and the remaining members are elected. Elections for the National Council (upper house) took place in December 2007. The 47- member National Assembly (lower house) was elected in March 2008. Judicial--High Court (Thrimkhang Gogma), District Courts, and local area arbitration. National Day: December 17 (1907). Administrative subdivisions (dzongkhags): 20. Political parties: Two. Druk Phuensum Tshogpa (DPT) and People's Democratic Party (PDP). Suffrage: Registered resident with legitimate citizenship, age 18 and above.

Map of Bhutan This Map of Bhutan shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Thimphu the capital of Bhutan. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Bhutan The Official Name of Bhutan is the Kingdom of Bhutan. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Bhutan Nationality: Noun and adjective--Bhutanese. Population: Approximately 672,425 (according to the 2005 census). Domestic and international estimates of the population vary greatly. Annual population growth rate (2007 est.): 2.082%. Density-- 45 per sq. km. Ethnic groups: Drukpa 50% (which is also inclusive of Sharchops), as well as ethnic Nepalese (Lhotsampas) 35%, and indigenous or migrant tribes 15%. Religions: Lamaistic Buddhist 75% (state religion), Indian- and Nepalese-influenced Hinduism 25%. Languages: Dzongkha (official language), Bumthang-kha, English (medium of instruction), Sharchop-kha, Nepali. Education: Years compulsory--11. Literacy--59.5% (Ministry of Education General Statistics 2007). Primary school net enrollment rate 82.1% (UNDP). Women's literacy--59.5% (2007). Health: Infant mortality rate (2007 est.)--total: 96.37 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 94.09 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 98.77 deaths/1,000 live births. Life expectancy --total population 67 years; male 69.1 years; female 59.5 years (Ministry of Education General Statistics 2007). Work force (2005): Agriculture--94%; industry--1%; services- -5%. The unemployment rate is 3.1% (2005 est.).

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