Countries of the World:
Resources about Bolivia including maps, facts about the land, people,
history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Bolivia
Economy (2009 est.)
GDP: $17.5 billion.
Annual growth rate: 3.7%.
Per capita income: $1,767.
Natural resources: Hydrocarbons (natural gas, petroleum);
minerals (14.24% of GDP--zinc, silver, lead, gold, and
Agriculture (10.44% of GDP): Major products--Soybeans,
cotton, potatoes, corn, sugarcane, rice, wheat, coffee,
beef, barley, and quinoa. Arable land--27%.
Manufacturing (11.17% of GDP): Types--food and beverages,
Transportation and communications: 8.41% of GDP.
Public administration services: 10.44% of GDP.
Trade: Exports--$5.3 billion (2009 est.). Major export
products--natural gas, tin, zinc, coffee, silver, wood,
gold, jewelry, soybeans, and soy products. Major export
markets--Brazil (31.47%), Republic of Korea (9.34%),
Argentina (8.15%), U.S. (7.72%), Japan (5.73%), and Peru
(5.39%). Imports--$4.4 billion (2009 est.). Major products--
machinery and transportation equipment, consumer products,
construction and mining equipment. Major suppliers--Brazil
(17.64%), Argentina (13.92%), U.S. (13.28%), China (8.43%),
Peru (7.19%), Venezuela (7.04%), Japan (6.97%), and Chile
Geography of Bolivia
Area: 1.1 million sq. km. (425,000 sq. mi.); about the size of
Texas and California combined.
Cities: Capital--La Paz (administrative--pop. 800,385); Sucre
(constitutional--292,080). Other major cities--Santa Cruz
(1,486,115), Cochabamba (587,220), El Alto (858,716).
(Population est. 2004.)
La Paz is the highest of the world’s capital cities--3,600
meters (11,800 ft.) above sea level. The adjacent city of El
Alto, at 4,200 meters (13,800 ft.), is one of the fastest-
growing in the hemisphere. Santa Cruz, the nation’s industrial
and commercial hub in the eastern lowlands, is also
experiencing rapid population and economic growth.
Terrain: High plateau (altiplano), temperate and semi-tropical
valleys, and tropical lowlands.
Climate: Varies with altitude--from humid and tropical to
semi-arid and cold.
Government of Bolivia
Type: Plurinational state.
Independence: August 6, 1825.
Constitution: 1967; revised 1994; voters approved a new
constitution on January 25, 2009, which went into effect on
February 7, 2009.
Branches: Executive--president and cabinet. Legislative--
bicameral Congress (“Plurinational Assembly”). Judicial--five
levels of jurisdiction, headed by Supreme Court with a
separate Constitutional Tribunal, and a Supreme Electoral
Tribunal which rules on matters related to the electoral
Subdivisions: Nine departments (similar to states), headed by
Major political parties: Movement Toward Socialism (MAS),
National Unity (UN), Fearless Movement (MSM), Social Alliance
(AS), and several smaller, regional citizen movements.
Suffrage: Universal adult (age 18), compulsory.
Map of Bolivia
This Map of Bolivia shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and
cities including La Paz the capital of Bolivia.(Maps from the U.S. State
Official Name of Bolivia
The Official Name of Bolivia is the Plurinational State of
Bolivia. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Bolivia
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Bolivian(s).
Population (2009 est.): 10,227,299.
Annual population growth rate: 1.97%.
Religions: Predominantly Roman Catholic; minority Protestant.
Languages: Spanish, Quechua, Aymara, Guarani.
Education (2007): Years compulsory--ages 7-14; literacy--
Health (2009): Infant mortality rate--43.18 per 1,000 births.
Work force (2007, 6.4 million): Agricultural sector 2.4
million; mining 994,955; services 977,635; public
Ethnic groups (2001): 55% indigenous (primarily Aymara and
Quechua), 30% mestizo or mixed, 15% European.
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