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Countries of the World: Brazil
Resources about Brazil including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Brazil GDP (official exchange rate): $ 1.577 trillion. GDP (purchasing power parity): $2.025 trillion. Annual real growth (2010 est.): 7.1%. Per capita GDP (official exchange rate): $8,240. Per capita GDP (purchasing power parity): $10,600. Natural resources: Iron ore, manganese, bauxite, nickel, uranium, gemstones, oil, wood, and aluminum. Brazil has 14% of the world's renewable fresh water. Agriculture (5.6% of GDP): Products--coffee, soybeans, sugarcane, cocoa, rice, livestock, corn, oranges, cotton, wheat, and tobacco. Industry (27.8% of GDP): Types--steel, commercial aircraft, chemicals, petrochemicals, footwear, machinery, motors, vehicles, auto parts, consumer durables, cement, and lumber. Services (66.6% of GDP): Types--mail, telecommunications, banking, energy, commerce, and computing. Trade: Trade balance (2009)--$ 25.3 billion surplus. Exports--$153.0 billion. Major marketsóChina 13.20%, United States 10.20%, Argentina 8.36%. Imports--$127.7 billion. Major suppliers--United States 15.69%, China 12.46%, and Argentina 8.84%.

Geography of Brazil Area: 8,511,965 sq. km. (3,290,000 sq. mi.); slightly smaller than the U.S. Cities: Capital--Brasilia (pop. 2.5 million). Other cities-- Sao Paulo (10.9 million), Rio de Janeiro (6.1 million), Belo Horizonte (2.4 million), Salvador (2.9 million), Fortaleza (2.4 million), Curitiba (1.8 million), Recife (1.5 million), Porto Alegre (1.4 million). Terrain: Dense forests in northern regions including Amazon Basin; semiarid along northeast coast; mountains, hills, and rolling plains in the southwest, including Mato Grosso; midwestern savannahs; the world's largest wetland area; and coastal lowland. Climate: Mostly tropical or semitropical with temperate zone in the south.

Government of Brazil Type: Federative republic. Independence: September 7, 1822. Constitution: Promulgated October 5, 1988. Branches: Executive--president (chief of state and head of government popularly elected to no more than two 4-year terms). Legislative--Senate (81 members popularly elected to staggered 8-year terms), Chamber of Deputies (513 members popularly elected to 4-year terms). Judicial--Supreme Federal Tribunal (11 lifetime positions appointed by the president). Political parties: Workers' Party (PT), Brazilian Democratic Movement Party (PMDB), Brazilian Social Democratic Party (PSDB), Democrats (DEM), Democratic Workers Party (PDT), Brazilian Labor Party (PTB), Party of the Republic (PR), Brazilian Socialist Party (PSB), Communist Party of Brazil (PC do B), Progressive Party (PP). Popular Socialist Party (PPS), Green Party (PV), Socialism and Freedom Party (PSOL), the National Mobilization Party (PMN), Humanistic Solidarity Party (PHS), the Brazilian Republican Party (PRB), Christian Social Party (PSC), Christian Labor Party (PTC), and the Labor Party of Brazil (PT do B), Brazilian Communist Party (PCB), and Brazilian Labor Renewal Party (PRTB).

Map of Brazil This Map of Brazil shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Brasilia the capital of Brazil. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Brazil The Official Name of Brazil is the Federative Republic of Brazil. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Brazil Nationality: Brazilian. Population (2010 est.): 201 million. Annual growth rate: 1.17%. Ethnic groups: African, Portuguese, Italian, German, Spanish, Japanese, Indigenous peoples, and people of Middle Eastern descent. Religion: Roman Catholic (74%). Language: Portuguese. Education: Literacy--88% of adult population. Health: Infant mortality rate--21.86/1,000. Life expectancy-- 72.6 years in 2010. Work force (2009 est.): 101.7 million.

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