Countries of the World:
Resources about Bulgaria including maps, facts about the land,
people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Bulgaria
GDP (2009, est.): $48.7 billion.
Real GDP growth: -5.0% (2009 est.); 6% (2008); 6.2% (2007);
6.3% (2006); 6.2% (2005); 6.6% (2004); 4.3% (2003).
Per capita GDP (2009, est.): $6,423.
Inflation rate: 1.6% (2009); 7.2% (2008); 11.6% (2007), 6.1%
(2006); 7.4% (2005); 4.0% (2004); 5.6% (2003).
Unemployment rate: 9.1% (2009); 6.3% (2008); 6.9% (2007); 9.1%
(2006); 10.7% (2005); 12.2% (2004); 14.3% (2003).
Natural resources: Bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, coal, and
Official exchange rate: Lev per $1 U.S. = 1.36 (2009); 1.39
(2008); 1.33 (2007); 1.49 (2006); 1.66 (2005); 1.44 (2004).
Geography of Bulgaria
Area: 110,910 sq. km. (slightly larger than Tennessee).
Major cities: Capital--Sofia 1.3 million.
Others: Plovdiv--379,493, Varna--352,674.
Terrain: Bulgaria is located in South Central Europe. The
terrain is varied, containing large mountainous areas, fertile
valleys, plains and a coastline along the Black Sea.
Climate: Continental--mild summers and cold, snowy winters.
Government of Bulgaria
Type: Parliamentary democracy.
Constitution: Adopted July 12, 1991.
Independence: 1908 (from the Ottoman Empire).
Branches: Executive--president (chief of state), prime
minister (head of government), Council of Ministers
(cabinet). Legislative--unicameral National Assembly or
Narodno Subranie--240 seats. Members are elected through a
mixed electoral system for 4-year terms. Judicial--three-
Administrative divisions: 28 provinces including the capital
region of Sofia.
Suffrage: Universal at 18 years of age.
Political parties: Major political parties--Citizens for the
European Development of Bulgaria (GERB); Bulgarian Socialist
Party (BSP); Movement for Rights and Freedoms (MRF); Attack
Political Party (ATAKA); Blue Coalition (formed by Union of
Democratic Forces, Democrats for a Strong Bulgaria, and a
few more center-right parties); Order, Law, Justice (RZS).
Parties and leaders--ATAKA (Attack Political Party) [Volen
SIDEROV]; Agrarian National Union or ANU [Stefan LICHEV];
Blue Coalition (a coalition of center-right parties
dominated by UDF and DSB); Bulgarian New Democracy [Nikolay
SVINAROV]; Bulgarian Socialist Party or BSP [Sergei
STANISHEV]; Citizens for the European Development of
Bulgaria or GERB [Tsvetan TSVETANOV (formal); Boyko Borissov
(informal)]; Coalition for Bulgaria or CfB (coalition of
parties dominated by BSP) [Sergei STANISHEV]; Democrats for
a Strong Bulgaria or DSB [Ivan KOSTOV]; Gergyovden [Petar
STOYANOVICH]; Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization
or IMRO [Krasimir KARAKACHANOV]; Liberal Initiative for
Democratic European Development or LIDER [Hristo KOVACHKI];
Movement for Rights and Freedoms or MRF [Ahmed DOGAN];
National Movement for Stability and Progress or NDSV [Simeon
SAXE-COBURG-GOTHA] (formerly National Movement Simeon II or
NMS2); New Time [Emil KOSHLUKOV]; Order, Law, Justice or RZS
[Yane YANEV]; Union of Democratic Forces or UDF [Martin
DIMITROV]; Union of Free Democrats or UFD [Stefan
SOFIYANSKI]; United Agrarians (part of the Blue coalition)
[Anastasia MOZER]. Results from the July 5, 2009 general
election were as follows (voter turnout 60.20%; percent of
vote by party)--GERB 39.72%, BSP 17.70%, MRF 14.45%, ATAKA
9.36%, Blue Coalition 6.76%, RZS 4.13%, other 7.88%. As of
September 2009, seat allocation was as follows--GERB 116,
BSP 40, MRF 38, ATAKA 21, Blue Coalition 14, RZS 10,
Map of Bulgaria
This Map of Bulgaria shows the borders of the country, as well as
rivers, and cities including Sofia the capital of Bulgaria. (Maps
from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Bulgaria
The Official Name of Bulgaria is the Republic of Bulgaria. (Facts from the
U.S. State Department)
People of Bulgaria
Population (July 2009 est.): 7,204,687.
Population growth rate (2009 est.): -0.79%.
Ethnic groups (2001): Bulgarian 83.94%, Turkish 9.42%, Roma
4.68%, and other 2% (including Macedonian, Armenian, Tatar).
Religions (2001): Bulgarian Orthodox 82.6%, Muslim 12.2%,
Roman Catholic 0.6%, Protestant 0.5%, others.
Language: Bulgarian 84.5%, other 15.5%.
Health: Life expectancy (2009 est.)--male: 69.48 years;
female: 76.91 years. Infant mortality rate (2009 est.)--17.87
deaths/1,000 live births.
Work force: 2.67 million (2008 est.). Agriculture--7.5%;
industry--35.5%, services--57% (2007 est.).
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