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Resources about Burkina Faso including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government,
political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Burkina Faso
GDP (2009): $9.1 billion.
Annual growth rate (2009): 3.2%.
Per capita GDP (2009): $580.
Avg. inflation rate (2009): 2.6%.
Natural resources: Manganese, gold, limestone, marble,
phosphate, zinc, uranium.
Agriculture (34% of GDP): Products--cotton, millet, sorghum,
rice, livestock, peanuts, shea nuts, maize.
Industry (26.5% of GDP): Type--mining, agricultural processing
plants, brewing and bottling, light industry.
Trade (2009): Exports--$855 million: cotton, gold, livestock,
peanuts, shea nut products. Major markets--Singapore, Belgium,
China, Thailand, Ghana, Niger. Imports--$783 million.
Official exchange rate: Fixed to the euro. Communaute
Financiere Africaine (CFA) francs 656=1 euro (2003: approx.
CFA francs 579=U.S. $1; 2005: CFA francs 534=U.S. $1; 2009:
approx. 472 CFA francs=U.S. $1).
Geography of Burkina Faso
Area: 274,200 sq. km. (106,000 sq. mi.); about the size of
Cities: Capital--Ouagadougou (pop. 1.5 million). Other cities-
-Bobo-Dioulasso (500,000), Koudougou (90,000).
Terrain: Savanna; brushy plains and scattered hills.
Climate: Sahelian; pronounced wet and dry seasons.
Government of Burkina Faso
Independence: August 5, 1960.
Constitution: June 11, 1991.
Branches: Executive--president (head of state and Council of
Ministers) prime minister (head of government). Legislative--
one chamber. Judiciary--independent.
Subdivisions: 13 regions, 45 provinces, 351 communes.
Political parties: Congress for Democracy and Progress (CDP),
Alliance for Democracy Federation/ African Democratic Assembly
(ADF/RDA), Unity for the Renaissance/Sankarist Party
(UNIR/PS), Unity for the Republic (UPR), Convention of
Democratic Forces of Burkina (CFD/B), and numerous other small
Suffrage: Direct universal.
Government budget (2010): $2.4 billion.
Defense: 5.5% of government budget.
Map of Burkina Faso
This Map of Burkina Faso shows the borders of the country, as
well as rivers, and cities including Ouagadougou the capital
of Burkina Faso. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Burkina Faso
The Official Name of Burkina Faso is the Burkina Faso. (Facts
from the U.S. State Department)
People of Burkina Faso
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Burkinabe (accent on last e).
Population (2010): 15.73 million.
Annual population growth rate (2010): 3.1%.
Ethnic groups: 63 ethnic groups among which are Mossi (almost
half of the total population), followed by Gourmantché,
Fulani, Dioula, and Bissa.
Religions: Muslim 60%, Catholic 19%, animist 15%, Protestant
Languages: French (official), Moore, Peulh, Gourma, Dioula.
Education: Literacy (2009)--26%.
Health: Infant mortality rate (2010)--91.7/1,000. Life
expectancy (2010)--56.7 years.
Work force: Agriculture--77.9%; industry--2.1%; commerce,
services, and government--5.5%.
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