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Countries of the World: Burkina Faso
Resources about Burkina Faso including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Burkina Faso GDP (2009): $9.1 billion. Annual growth rate (2009): 3.2%. Per capita GDP (2009): $580. Avg. inflation rate (2009): 2.6%. Natural resources: Manganese, gold, limestone, marble, phosphate, zinc, uranium. Agriculture (34% of GDP): Products--cotton, millet, sorghum, rice, livestock, peanuts, shea nuts, maize. Industry (26.5% of GDP): Type--mining, agricultural processing plants, brewing and bottling, light industry. Trade (2009): Exports--$855 million: cotton, gold, livestock, peanuts, shea nut products. Major markets--Singapore, Belgium, China, Thailand, Ghana, Niger. Imports--$783 million. Official exchange rate: Fixed to the euro. Communaute Financiere Africaine (CFA) francs 656=1 euro (2003: approx. CFA francs 579=U.S. $1; 2005: CFA francs 534=U.S. $1; 2009: approx. 472 CFA francs=U.S. $1).

Geography of Burkina Faso Area: 274,200 sq. km. (106,000 sq. mi.); about the size of Colorado. Cities: Capital--Ouagadougou (pop. 1.5 million). Other cities- -Bobo-Dioulasso (500,000), Koudougou (90,000). Terrain: Savanna; brushy plains and scattered hills. Climate: Sahelian; pronounced wet and dry seasons.

Government of Burkina Faso Type: Republic. Independence: August 5, 1960. Constitution: June 11, 1991. Branches: Executive--president (head of state and Council of Ministers) prime minister (head of government). Legislative-- one chamber. Judiciary--independent. Subdivisions: 13 regions, 45 provinces, 351 communes. Political parties: Congress for Democracy and Progress (CDP), Alliance for Democracy Federation/ African Democratic Assembly (ADF/RDA), Unity for the Renaissance/Sankarist Party (UNIR/PS), Unity for the Republic (UPR), Convention of Democratic Forces of Burkina (CFD/B), and numerous other small opposition parties. Suffrage: Direct universal. Government budget (2010): $2.4 billion. Defense: 5.5% of government budget.

Map of Burkina Faso This Map of Burkina Faso shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Ouagadougou the capital of Burkina Faso. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Burkina Faso The Official Name of Burkina Faso is the Burkina Faso. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Burkina Faso Nationality: Noun and adjective--Burkinabe (accent on last e). Population (2010): 15.73 million. Annual population growth rate (2010): 3.1%. Ethnic groups: 63 ethnic groups among which are Mossi (almost half of the total population), followed by Gourmantché, Fulani, Dioula, and Bissa. Religions: Muslim 60%, Catholic 19%, animist 15%, Protestant 5%. Languages: French (official), Moore, Peulh, Gourma, Dioula. Education: Literacy (2009)--26%. Health: Infant mortality rate (2010)--91.7/1,000. Life expectancy (2010)--56.7 years. Work force: Agriculture--77.9%; industry--2.1%; commerce, services, and government--5.5%.

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