Countries of the World:
Resources about Burundi including maps, facts about the land, people, history,
government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Burundi
GDP (2009): $1.248 billion.
Real growth rate (2009): 3.4%.
Per capita GDP (2009): $ 151.
Population below poverty line (2009): 70%.
Inflation rate (2009): 10.5%.
Central government budget (2010): Revenues--$588.5 million
(internal and foreign grants); expenditures--$699.2 million,
including capital expenditures.
Natural resources: Nickel, uranium, rare earth oxides, peat,
cobalt, copper, platinum, vanadium, arable land, hydropower,
niobium, tantalum, gold, tin, tungsten, kaolin, limestone.
Primary sector (2009 est.; 46% of GDP, of which agriculture
is 45% of GDP): Coffee, cotton, tea, corn, sorghum, sweet
potatoes, bananas, manioc (tapioca), beef, milk, hides.
Arable land (2009 est.)--35.57%.
Secondary sector (2009 est.; 19% of GDP): Types--beverage
production, coffee and tea processing, cigarette production,
sugar refining, pharmaceuticals, light food processing,
chemicals (insecticides), public works construction,
consumer goods, assembly of imported components, light
consumer goods such as blankets, shoes, soap.
Services (2009 est.): 35% of GDP.
Mining: Commercial quantities of alluvial gold, nickel,
phosphates, rare earth, vanadium and other; peat mining.
Trade (2009): Exports--$63.9 million f.o.b.: coffee (50% of
export earnings), tea, sugar, cotton fabrics, hides. Major
markets--U.K., Germany, Benelux, Switzerland. Imports--
$402.3 million f.o.b.: food, beverages, tobacco, chemicals,
road vehicles, petroleum products. Major suppliers--Benelux,
France, Germany, Saudi Arabia, Japan.
Debt: In 2009, the countryís debt was erased through the
International Monetary Fundís (IMF) Heavily Indebted Poor
Geography of Burundi
Location: Central Africa. Bordering nations--Tanzania,
Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda.
Area: 27,830 sq. km. (10,747 sq. mi.); about the size of
Cities: Capital--Bujumbura (pop. 300,000). Other cities--
Cibitoke, Rumonge, Nyanza-Lac, Muyinga, Ngozi, Bubanza,
Climate: Equatorial; high plateau with considerable altitude
variation (772 m to 2,670 m above sea level); average annual
temperature varies with altitude from 23 to 17 degrees
centigrade (73 to 63 degrees Fahrenheit) but is generally
moderate as the average altitude is about 1,700 m (5,600 ft.);
average annual rainfall is about 150 cm (59 in.); two wet
seasons (February to May and September to November), and two
dry seasons (June to August and December to January).
Terrain: Hilly, rising from 780 meters (2,600 ft.) at the
shore of Lake Tanganyika to mountains more than 2,700 meters
(9,000 ft.) above sea level.
Government of Burundi
Independence: July 1, 1962 (from Belgium).
Constitution: A transitional constitution was adopted
October 18, 2001. The parliament adopted a post-transition
constitution on September 17, 2004, which was approved in a
nationwide referendum held February 28, 2005.
Branches: Executive--President, First Vice President in
charge of political and administrative affairs, Second Vice
President in charge of social and economic affairs, 21-
member Council of Ministers. Legislative--Bicameral
parliament. A 100-member directly elected National Assembly
plus additional deputies appointed as necessary to ensure an
ethnic and gender composition of 60% Hutu, 40% Tutsi, 30%
female, and 3 Batwa members. A 54-member Senate (3 seats
reserved for former presidents; 3 seats reserved for the
ethnic Twa minority; 2 Senators, one Hutu and one Tutsi,
from each of the 16 provinces plus the city of Bujumbura
appointed by an electoral college comprised of members of
locally elected communal councils. Women must comprise 30%
of the Senate.) Judicial--constitutional and subsidiary
Administrative subdivisions: 17 provinces including
Bujumbura, 129 communes.
Political parties: Multi-party system consisting of 44
registered political parties, of which CNDD- FDD (the
National Council for the Defense of Democracy), FNL (the
National Forces for Liberation), FRODEBU (the Front for
Democracy in Burundi), and UPRONA (the National Unity and
Progress Party) are national, mainstream parties. Other
opposition parties include MSD (Movement for Solidarity and
Democracy), CNDD (Council for the Defense of Democracy),
PARENA (the Party for National Redress), and FRODEBU Nyakuri
(a splinter of the mainstream FRODEBU that won important
swing votes in the National Assembly in the 2010 elections).
Suffrage: Universal adult.
Map of Burundi
This Map of Burundi shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Bujumbura the capital of
Burundi.(Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Burundi
The Official Name of Burundi is the Republic of Burundi.
(Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Burundi
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Burundian(s).
Population (2008): 8,691,005.
Annual population growth rate (2008): 3.443%.
Ethnic groups: Hutu (Bantu) 85%; Tutsi (Hamitic) 14%; Twa
Religions: Christian 80% (Roman Catholic 65%-70%, Protestant
10%-15%, indigenous beliefs, Muslim less than 5%.
Languages: Kirundi (official), French (official), Swahili
(along Lake Tanganyika and in the Bujumbura area), English.
Education: Years compulsory--6. Attendance--84.05% male, 62.8%
female. Literacy--59.3% of total population over the age of 15
can read and write.
Health (2007): Life expectancy--total population 51.71 years;
male 50.86 years; female 52.6 years. Infant mortality rate--
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