Countries of the World:
Resources about Canada including maps, facts about the land, people,
history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Canada
GDP (2008): $1.2 trillion.
Real GDP growth rate (2008): 2.7%.
Per capita GDP (2008): $47,131 (nominal); $37,722 (PPP).
Natural resources: Petroleum and natural gas, hydroelectric
power, metals and minerals, fish, forests, wildlife,
abundant fresh water.
Agriculture: Products--wheat, livestock and meat, feed
grains, oil seeds, dairy products, tobacco, fruits,
Industry: Types--motor vehicles and parts, machinery and
equipment, aircraft and components, other diversified
manufacturing, fish and forest products, processed and
Trade: U.S. merchandise exports to Canada (2008)--$264.2
billion: motor vehicles and spare parts, industrial and
electrical machinery, plastics, computers, chemicals,
petroleum products and natural gas, and agricultural
products. In 2008, 63% of Canada's imports came from the
United States. U.S. merchandise imports from Canada (2008)--
$347.9 billion: motor vehicles and spare parts, crude
petroleum and natural gas, forest products, agricultural
products, metals, industrial machinery, and aircraft. In
2008, 75% of Canada's exports went to the United States.
Geography of Canada
Area: 9.9 million sq. km. (3.8 million sq. mi.); second-
largest country in the world.
Cities: Capital--Ottawa (pop. 1.1 million). Other major
cities--Toronto (5.1 million), Montreal (3.6 million),
Vancouver (2.1 million), Calgary (1.1 million), Edmonton (1.0
million), Quebec City (0.7 million), Winnipeg (0.7 million),
Hamilton (0.7 million).
Terrain: Mostly plains with mountains in the west and lowlands
in the southeast.
Climate: Temperate to arctic.
Government of Canada
Type: Federation, parliamentary democracy, and constitutional
Confederation: July 1, 1867.
Constitution: The British North America Act of 1867 patriated
to Canada on April 17, 1982, the Charter of Rights and
Freedoms, and unwritten custom and convention. The
Constitution Acts of 1867 and 1982, and the Charter of Rights
and Freedoms are collectively referred to as the Constitution
Branches: Executive--Queen Elizabeth II (head of state
represented by a governor general), prime minister (head of
government), cabinet. Legislative--bicameral Parliament (308-
member House of Commons; 105-seat Senate). Judicial--Supreme
Federal-level political parties: Liberal Party, Conservative
Party of Canada, Bloc Quebecois (BQ), New Democratic Party
Subdivisions: 10 provinces, 3 territories.
Map of Canada
This Map of Canada shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers,
and cities including Ottawa the capital of Canada. (Maps from the U.S.
Official Name of Canada
The Official Name of Canada is Canada. (Facts from the U.S.
People of Canada
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Canadian(s).
Population (2009 est.): 33.7 million.
Ethnic groups: British/Irish 28%, French 23%, other European
15%, Asian/Arab/African 6%, indigenous Amerindian 2%, mixed
Religions: Roman Catholic 43.6%, Protestant 29.2%, other
Christian 4.3%, Muslim 2.0%, Jewish 1.1%, Buddhist 1.0%,
Hindu 1.0% other 1.3%, none 16.5%.
Languages: English (official) 57.8%, French (official)
22.1%, other 20.1% (including Chinese and aboriginal
Education: Literacy--99% of population aged 15 and over has
at least a ninth-grade education.
Health: Infant mortality rate--5.4/1,000. Life expectancy--
77.7 yrs. male, 82.5 yrs. female.
Work force (2009, 18.4 million): Goods-producing sector--
25%, of which: manufacturing 15%; construction 6%;
agriculture 2%; natural resources 2%; utilities 1%. Service-
producing sector--75%, of which: trade 16%; health care and
social assistance 11%; educational services 7%,
accommodation and food services 7%; professional,
scientific, and technical services 7%; finance 6%; public
administration 5%; transportation and warehousing 5%;
information, culture, and recreation 5%; other services 4%.
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