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Countries of the World: China
Resources about China including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of China GDP (2009): $4.814 trillion (exchange rate-based). Per capita GDP (2009): $3,678 (exchange rate-based). GDP real growth rate (2009): 8.7%. Natural resources: Coal, iron ore, petroleum, natural gas, mercury, tin, tungsten, antimony, manganese, molybdenum, vanadium, magnetite, aluminum, lead, zinc, uranium, hydropower potential (world's largest). Agriculture: Products--Among the world's largest producers of rice, wheat, potatoes, corn, peanuts, tea, millet, barley; commercial crops include cotton, other fibers, apples, oilseeds, pork and fish; produces variety of livestock products. Industry: Types--mining and ore processing, iron, steel, aluminum, and other metals, coal; machine building; armaments; textiles and apparel; petroleum; cement; chemicals; fertilizers; consumer products, including footwear, toys, and electronics; food processing; transportation equipment, including automobiles, rail cars and locomotives, ships, and aircraft; telecommunications equipment, commercial space launch vehicles, satellites. Trade: Exports (2009)--$1.194 trillion: electrical and other machinery, including data processing equipment, apparel, textiles, iron and steel, optical and medical equipment. Main partners (2008)--United States 17.7%, Hong Kong 13.3%, Japan 8.1%, South Korea 5.2%, Germany 4.1%. Imports (2009)-- $921.5 billion: electrical and other machinery, oil and mineral fuels, optical and medical equipment, metal ores, plastics, organic chemicals. Main partners (2008)--Japan 13.3%, South Korea 9.9%, Taiwan 9.2%, U.S. 7.2%, Germany 4.9%.

Geography of China Total area: 9,596,961 sq. km. (about 3.7 million sq. mi.). Cities: Capital--Beijing. Other major cities--Shanghai, Tianjin, Shenyang, Wuhan, Guangzhou, Chongqing, Harbin, Chengdu. Terrain: Plains, deltas, and hills in east; mountains, high plateaus, deserts in west. Climate: Tropical in south to subarctic in north.

Government of China Type: Communist party-led state. Constitution: December 4, 1982; revised several times, most recently in 2004. Independence: Unification under the Qin (Ch'in) Dynasty 221 BC; Qing (Ch'ing or Manchu) Dynasty replaced by a republic on February 12, 1912; People's Republic established October 1, 1949. Branches: Executive--president, vice president, State Council, premier. Legislative--unicameral National People's Congress. Judicial--Supreme People's Court. Administrative divisions: 23 provinces (the P.R.C. considers Taiwan to be its 23rd province); 5 autonomous regions, including Tibet; 5 municipalities directly under the State Council. Political parties: Chinese Communist Party, 76 million members; 8 minor parties under Communist Party supervision.

Map of China This Map of China shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Beijing the capital of China. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of China The Official Name of China is the People's Republic of China. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of China Nationality: Noun and adjective--Chinese (singular and plural). Population (July 2010 est.): 1,330,141,295. Population growth rate (2010 est.): 0.494%. Health (2010 est.): Infant mortality rate--16.51 deaths/1,000 live births. Life expectancy--74.51 years (overall); 72.54 years for males, 76.77 years for females. Ethnic groups (2000 census): Han Chinese 91.5%; Zhuang, Manchu, Hui, Miao, Uyghur, Tujia, Yi, Mongol, Tibetan, Buyi, Dong, Yao, Korean, and other nationalities 8.5%. Religions: Officially atheist; Daoist (Taoist), Buddhist, Christian 3%-4%, Muslim 1%-2%. Language: Mandarin (Putonghua), plus many local dialects. Education: Years compulsory--9. Literacy--93%. Labor force (2009 est.): 812.7 million. Labor force by occupation (2008 est.): Agriculture and forestry--39.5%, industry--27.2%, services--33.2%.

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