Countries of the World:
Resources about Congo (Brazzaville) including maps, facts about the
land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Congo (Brazzaville)
GDP (2010 est.): $11.7 billion.
Real GDP growth rate (2009 est.): 10.4%
Per capita income (2009 est.): $2,700.
Inflation (2009 est.): 3%.
Natural resources: Petroleum, wood, potash, lead, zinc,
uranium, phosphates, natural gas, hydropower.
Structure of production (2006): Government and services--28%;
petroleum sector--52%; agriculture and forestry--8.5%;
utilities and industry--6.0%; other--4.3%.
Agriculture: Products--manioc, sugar, rice, corn, peanuts,
vegetables, coffee, cocoa, forest products. Land--less than 2%
Trade (2008 est.): Exports--$9.009 billion (f.o.b.): petroleum
(89% of export earnings), lumber, plywood, sugar, cocoa,
coffee, diamonds. Exports to the U.S. (2007 est.)--$3.099
billion. Imports--$2.722 billion (f.o.b.): capital equipment,
construction materials, foodstuffs. Imports from the U.S.
(2007 est.)--$140 million.
(Source: Government of the Congo - Direction General de
Geography of Congo (Brazzaville)
Area: 342,000 sq. km (132,000 sq. mi.); slightly larger than
Cities: Capital--Brazzaville (pop. 1.2 million). Other cities-
-Pointe-Noire (900,000), Dolisie (300,000).
Climate: Tropical. Tropical jungle in the North (country
seasonally split--half lies above the Equator; half below the
Terrain: Coastal plains, fertile valleys, central plateau,
forested flood plains.
Government of Congo (Brazzaville)
Independence: August 15, 1960.
Constitution: New constitution adopted in nationwide
referendum on January 20, 2002.
Branches: Executive--president (chief of state), Council of
Ministers (cabinet). Legislative--bicameral legislature made
up of a Senate and a National Assembly. Judicial--Supreme
Court, Court of Accounts and Budgetary Discipline, Courts of
Appeal (Title VIII of the 2002 constitution), and the
Constitutional Court (Title IX of the 2002 constitution).
Other--Economic Council and Human Rights Commission.
Administrative subdivisions: 10 departments, divided into
districts, plus the capital district.
Political parties: More than 100 new parties formed (but not
all function) since multi-party democracy was introduced in
1990. The largest are the Pan-African Union for Social
Democracy (UPADS), Congolese Labor Party (PCT), Congolese
Movement for Democracy and Integral Development (MCDDI),
Coalition for Democracy and Social Progress (RDPS),
Coalition for Democracy and Development (RDD), Union of
Democratic Forces (UFD), Union of Democratic Renewal (URD),
Union for Development and Social Progress (UDPS). Following
the June-October 1997 war and the 1998-99 civil conflict,
many parties, including UPADS and MCDDI, were left in
disarray as their leadership fled the country. By 2007, many
of the leaders had returned, with the notable exception of
former President Pascal Lissouba. On December 30, 2009,
Republic of the Congo President Sassou-Nguesso enacted an
amnesty for offenses alleged against Lissouba, following the
bill's adoption by the National Assembly and Senate. In
August 2010, UPADS factions reunited to create a unified
party under the direct influence of former President
Lissouba’s wife Jocelyne Lissouba.
Suffrage: Universal adult.
Map of Congo (Brazzaville)
This Map of Congo (Brazzaville) shows the borders of the country, as
well as rivers, and cities including Brazzaville the capital of Congo
(Brazzaville). (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Congo
The Official Name of Congo is the Republic of the Congo.
(Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Congo (Brazzaville)
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Congolese (sing. and pl.).
Population (July 2009 est.): 4,012,809.
Annual population growth rate (2008 est.): 2.754%.
Ethnic groups: 15 principal Bantu groups; more than 70
subgroups. Largest groups are Bacongo, Vili, Bateke, M'Bochi,
and Sangha. Also present is a small population (less than
100,000) of Pygmies, ethnically unrelated to the Bantu
Religions: Traditional beliefs 48%, Roman Catholic 35%, other
Christian 15%, Muslim 2%.
Languages: French (official), Lingala and Munukutuba
Health: Infant mortality rate (2008 est.)--79.78 deaths/1,000
live births. Life expectancy (2009 est.)--54.15 yrs.
Work force: About 40% of population, two-thirds of whom work
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