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Countries of the World: Congo (Kinshasa)
Resources about Congo (Kinshasa) including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Congo (Kinshasa) GDP (2009): $10.82 billion. Annual GDP growth rate (2009): 2.7%. Per capita GDP (2009): $171. Natural resources: Copper, cobalt, diamonds, gold, other minerals; petroleum; wood; hydroelectric potential. Agriculture: Cash crops--coffee, rubber, palm oil, cotton, cocoa, sugar, tea. Food crops--manioc, corn, legumes, plantains, peanuts. Land use: Agriculture 3%; pasture 7%; forest/woodland 77%; other 13%. Industry: Types--processed and unprocessed minerals; consumer products, including textiles, plastics, footwear, cigarettes, metal products; processed foods and beverages, cement, timber. Currency: Congolese franc (FC). The U.S. dollar is also used as legal tender. Trade: Exports (2009 est.)--$3.787 billion. Products-- diamonds, cobalt, copper, coffee, petroleum. Main partners-- EU, Japan, South Africa, U.S., China. Imports (2009 est.)-- $5.254 billion. Products--consumer goods (food, textiles), capital equipment, refined petroleum products. Partners--EU, China, South Africa, U.S. Official debt (est.): $13.5 billion.

Geography of Congo (Kinshasa) Location: Central Africa. Bordering nations--Angola, Burundi, Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia. Area: 2.345 sq. km. (905,063 sq. mi.; about the size of the U.S. east of the Mississippi). Cities: Capital--Kinshasa (pop. 8 million). Regional capitals- -Bandundu, Bukavu, Goma, Kananga, Kindu, Kisangani, Lubumbashi, Matadi, Mbandaka, Mbuji-Mayi. Terrain: Varies from tropical rainforests to mountainous terraces, plateaus, savannas, dense grasslands, and mountains. Climate: Equatorial; ranges from tropical rainforest in the Congo River basin, hot and humid in much of the north and west, cooler and drier in the south central area and the east.

Government of Congo (Kinshasa) Type: Republic; highly centralized with executive power vested in the president. Independence: June 30, 1960 (from Belgium). Constitution: The D.R.C. has had numerous constitutions, constitutional amendments, and transitional constitutions since independence. The currently operative constitution was approved by 84% of voters in a December 2005 referendum and officially promulgated in February 2006. Branches: Executive--President is head of state. Cabinet is appointed by the ruling party in the parliament. Prime minister is elected by the parliament. Legislative--The 500- member lower house of parliament was elected in July 30, 2006 national elections. Provincial Assemblies elected the Senate in October 29, 2006 elections, and provincial governors in early 2007. Judicial--Supreme Court (Cour Supreme). Administrative subdivisions: Eleven provinces including the capital city, Kinshasa. Political parties: President Joseph Kabila's party is Parti du Peuple pour la Reconstruction et le Developpement (PPRD). Two main coalitions, the Alliance pour la Majorite Presidentielle (AMP) and the Union pour la Nation (UN), respectively represent President Kabila and former Transitional Vice President Jean-Pierre Bemba. Bemba was Kabila’s principal opponent in the 2006 presidential election (see “Government and Political Conditions” section below), and despite his May 2008 arrest by Belgian authorities and transfer to the International Criminal Court in The Hague, is still the official president of the largest single opposition party, Mouvement pour la Liberation du Congo (MLC). Another important opposition party is the Union pour la Democratie et le Progres Social (UDPS), led by aging Mobutu opponent Etienne Tshisekedi. Although the UDPS boycotted the 2006 elections, Tshisekedi announced in August 2010 he would be a presidential candidate and that the UDPS would participate in the 2011 presidential and parliamentary elections and the 2012 local elections. Other parties include Forces du Futur (FDF), Forces Novatrices pour l'Union et la Solidarite (FONUS), Parti Democrate Social Chretien (PDSC), Mouvement Social Democratie et Developpement (MSDD), Mouvement Populaire de la Revolution-- Fait Prive (MPR-FP), Union des Nationalistes et des Federalistes Congolais (UNAFEC), and Mouvement National Congolais/ Lumumba (MNC/L). Former rebel movements-turned- political parties include the Rassemblement Congolais pour la Democratie (RCD), Mouvement pour la Liberation du Congo (MLC), and independent splinter groups of the RCD (RCD/ML, RCD/N, RCD/G). The former rebel group Congres National pour la Defense du Peuple (CNDP) received official status as a political party in May 2009. Suffrage: 18 years of age and universal.

Map of Congo (Kinshasa) This Map of Congo (Kinshasa) shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Kinshasa the capital of Congo (Kinshasa). (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Congo (Kinshasa) The Official Name of Congo (Kinshasa) is the Democratic Republic of the Congo. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Congo (Kinshasa) Nationality: Noun and adjective--Congolese. Population (2010 est.): 68 million. Annual population growth rate (2008 est.): 3.24%. Ethnic groups: Approximately 250 African ethnic groups; the Luba, Kongo, and Anamongo are some of the larger groups. Religions: Christian 70% (Catholic 50%, Protestant 20%); Kimbanguist 10%; other sects and traditional beliefs 10%; Muslim 10%. Language: Official--French. National languages--Lingala, Swahili, Kikongo, Tshiluba. Education: Literacy (2008 est.)--French or local language: 55% (women), 76% (men). Schooling (2007 est.)--none 21%, primary 46%, secondary 30%, university 3%. Health (2007 est.): Infant mortality rate--92/1,000 live births. Life expectancy (2008 est.)--51.3 yrs.

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