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Countries of the World: Costa Rica
Resources about Costa Rica including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Costa Rica GDP (2010): $38.27 billion. GDP PPP (2009 est.): $48.19 billion. Inflation (2010 est.): 6.9%. Real growth rate (2010 est.): 3.6%. Per capita income: (2009) $6,900; (2010 est., PPP) $10,569. Unemployment (2010 est.): 6.7%. Currency: Costa Rica Colon (CRC). Natural resources: Hydroelectric power, forest products, fisheries products. Agriculture (6.5% of GDP): Products--bananas, pineapples, coffee, beef, sugar, rice, dairy products, vegetables, fruits, ornamental plants, corn, beans, potatoes, timber. Industry (25.5% of GDP): Types--electronic components, medical equipment, textiles and apparel, tires, food processing, construction materials, fertilizer, plastic products. Commerce, tourism, and services (68% of GDP): Hotels, restaurants, tourist services, banks, and insurance. Trade (2009 est.): Exports--$8.847 billion: integrated circuits, medical equipment, bananas, pineapples, coffee, melons, ornamental plants, sugar, textiles, electronic components, medical equipment. Major markets (2008)--U.S. 23.9%, Netherlands 13.3%, China 12.9%, U.K. 5%, Mexico 4.9%. Imports--$10.87 billion: raw materials, consumer goods, capital equipment, petroleum. Major suppliers (2008)--U.S. 42.7%, Mexico 6.9%, Venezuela 6.3%, Japan 5.4%, China 4.7%, Brazil 4.2%.

Geography of Costa Rica Area: 51,100 sq. km (19,730 sq. mi.) about the size of the states of Vermont and New Hampshire combined. Cities: Capital--San Jose (greater metropolitan area pop. 2.1 million, the greater metropolitan area as defined by the Ministry of Planning and Economic Policy includes the cities of Alajuela, Cartago, and Heredia). Other major cities outside the San Jose capital area--Puntarenas, Limon, and Liberia. Terrain: A rugged, central range separates the eastern and western coastal plains. Climate: Mild in the central highlands, tropical and subtropical in coastal areas.

Government of Costa Rica Type: Democratic republic. Independence: September 15, 1821. Constitution: November 7, 1949. Branches: Executive--president (head of government and chief of state) elected for one 4-year term, two vice presidents, Cabinet (22 ministers, two of whom are also vice presidents). Legislative--57-deputy unicameral Legislative Assembly elected at 4-year intervals. Judicial--Supreme Court of Justice (22 magistrates elected by Legislative Assembly for renewable 8- year terms). The offices of the Ombudsman, Comptroller General, and Procurator General assert autonomous oversight of the government. Subdivisions: Seven provinces, divided into 81 cantons, subdivided into 421 districts. Political parties: National Liberation Party (PLN), Citizen's Action Party (PAC), Libertarian Movement Party (PML), Social Christian Unity Party (PUSC), and other smaller parties. Suffrage: Universal and compulsory at age 18.

Map of Costa Rica This Map of Costa Rica shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including San Jose the capital of Costa Rica. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Costa Rica The Official Name of Costa Rica is the Republic of Costa Rica. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Costa Rica Nationality: Noun and adjective--Costa Rican(s). Population (2010): 4.516 million. Annual population growth rate (2010 est.): 1.347%. Ethnic groups: European and some mestizo 94%, African origin 3%, Chinese 1%, Amerindian 1%, other 1%. Religion: Roman Catholic 76.3%, Evangelical Protestant 13.7%, other 4.8%, none 3.2%. Languages: Spanish, with a southwestern Caribbean Creole dialect of English spoken around the Limon area. Education: Years compulsory--9. Attendance--99% grades 1-6; 71% grades 7-9. Literacy--96%. Health: Infant mortality rate--9.45/1,000. Life expectancy-- men 74.61 yrs., women 79.94 yrs. Work force (2009 est.): 2.05 million; this official estimate excludes Nicaraguans living in Costa Rica legally and illegally.

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