Countries of the World:
Resources about Costa Rica including maps, facts about the land,
people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Costa Rica
GDP (2010): $38.27 billion.
GDP PPP (2009 est.): $48.19 billion.
Inflation (2010 est.): 6.9%.
Real growth rate (2010 est.): 3.6%.
Per capita income: (2009) $6,900; (2010 est., PPP) $10,569.
Unemployment (2010 est.): 6.7%.
Currency: Costa Rica Colon (CRC).
Natural resources: Hydroelectric power, forest products,
Agriculture (6.5% of GDP): Products--bananas, pineapples,
coffee, beef, sugar, rice, dairy products, vegetables,
fruits, ornamental plants, corn, beans, potatoes, timber.
Industry (25.5% of GDP): Types--electronic components,
medical equipment, textiles and apparel, tires, food
processing, construction materials, fertilizer, plastic
Commerce, tourism, and services (68% of GDP): Hotels,
restaurants, tourist services, banks, and insurance.
Trade (2009 est.): Exports--$8.847 billion: integrated
circuits, medical equipment, bananas, pineapples, coffee,
melons, ornamental plants, sugar, textiles, electronic
components, medical equipment. Major markets (2008)--U.S.
23.9%, Netherlands 13.3%, China 12.9%, U.K. 5%, Mexico 4.9%.
Imports--$10.87 billion: raw materials, consumer goods,
capital equipment, petroleum. Major suppliers (2008)--U.S.
42.7%, Mexico 6.9%, Venezuela 6.3%, Japan 5.4%, China 4.7%,
Geography of Costa Rica
Area: 51,100 sq. km (19,730 sq. mi.) about the size of the
states of Vermont and New Hampshire combined.
Cities: Capital--San Jose (greater metropolitan area pop. 2.1
million, the greater metropolitan area as defined by the
Ministry of Planning and Economic Policy includes the cities
of Alajuela, Cartago, and Heredia). Other major cities outside
the San Jose capital area--Puntarenas, Limon, and Liberia.
Terrain: A rugged, central range separates the eastern and
western coastal plains.
Climate: Mild in the central highlands, tropical and
subtropical in coastal areas.
Government of Costa Rica
Type: Democratic republic.
Independence: September 15, 1821.
Constitution: November 7, 1949.
Branches: Executive--president (head of government and chief
of state) elected for one 4-year term, two vice presidents,
Cabinet (22 ministers, two of whom are also vice presidents).
Legislative--57-deputy unicameral Legislative Assembly elected
at 4-year intervals. Judicial--Supreme Court of Justice (22
magistrates elected by Legislative Assembly for renewable 8-
year terms). The offices of the Ombudsman, Comptroller
General, and Procurator General assert autonomous oversight of
Subdivisions: Seven provinces, divided into 81 cantons,
subdivided into 421 districts.
Political parties: National Liberation Party (PLN), Citizen's
Action Party (PAC), Libertarian Movement Party (PML), Social
Christian Unity Party (PUSC), and other smaller parties.
Suffrage: Universal and compulsory at age 18.
Map of Costa Rica
This Map of Costa Rica shows the borders of the country, as
well as rivers, and cities including San Jose the capital of
Costa Rica. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Costa Rica
The Official Name of Costa Rica is the Republic of Costa Rica. (Facts from
the U.S. State Department)
People of Costa Rica
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Costa Rican(s).
Population (2010): 4.516 million.
Annual population growth rate (2010 est.): 1.347%.
Ethnic groups: European and some mestizo 94%, African origin
3%, Chinese 1%, Amerindian 1%, other 1%.
Religion: Roman Catholic 76.3%, Evangelical Protestant 13.7%,
other 4.8%, none 3.2%.
Languages: Spanish, with a southwestern Caribbean Creole
dialect of English spoken around the Limon area.
Education: Years compulsory--9. Attendance--99% grades 1-6;
71% grades 7-9. Literacy--96%.
Health: Infant mortality rate--9.45/1,000. Life expectancy--
men 74.61 yrs., women 79.94 yrs.
Work force (2009 est.): 2.05 million; this official estimate
excludes Nicaraguans living in Costa Rica legally and
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