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Countries of the World: Cyprus
Resources about Cyprus including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Cyprus GDP (2008): $24.96 billion. Annual GDP real growth rate (2008): Government-controlled area 3.8%. Per capita GDP income: Greek Cypriots (2008)--$30,744; Turkish Cypriots (2008)--$15,984. Agriculture and natural resources (2008): 2.4% of GDP. Products--potatoes and other vegetables, citrus fruits, olives, grapes, wheat, carob seeds. Resources--pyrites, copper, asbestos, gypsum, lumber, salt, marble, clay, earth pigment. Industry and construction (2008): 19% of GDP. Types--mining, cement, construction, utilities, manufacturing, chemicals, non-electric machinery, textiles, footwear, food, beverages, tobacco. Services and tourism (2008): 78.6% of GDP. Trade, restaurants, and hotels 19.8%; transport 7.0%; finance, real estate, and business 28.5%; government, education, and health 19.6%; and community and other services 4.5%. Trade (2008): Exports--$1.716 billion: citrus, grapes, wine, potatoes, pharmaceuticals, clothing, and footwear. Major markets--EU (especially Greece and the U.K.), Middle East, Russia. Imports--$10.803 billion: consumer goods, raw materials for industry, petroleum and lubricants, food and feed grains. Major suppliers--Greece, Italy, Germany, U.K. (U.S. trade surplus--for 2008: $176.8 million.)

Geography of Cyprus Area: 9,251 sq. km. (3,572 sq. mi.); about the size of Connecticut. Cities: Capital--Nicosia (pop. 234,200, 2008 fig.). Other cities--Limassol, Larnaca, Famagusta, Paphos, Kyrenia, Morphou. Terrain: Central plain with mountain ranges to the north and south. Climate: Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters.

Government of Cyprus Type: Republic. Independence: August 16, 1960. Constitution: August 16, 1960. Branches: Executive--President elected to 5-yr. term. Legislative--unicameral House of Representatives, members elected to 5-yr. terms. Judicial--Supreme Court; six district courts. Administrative subdivisions: Six. Major political parties: Greek Cypriots--Progressive Party of Working People or Anorthotikon Komma Ergazomenou Laou-- AKEL (communist); Democratic Party or Dimokratikon Komma-- DIKO (center-right); Democratic Rally or Dimokratikos Synagermos--DISY (right); Movement for Social Democracy or Eleftheron Dimokratikon--EDEK (socialist); United Democrats or Enomeni Dimokrates--ED (center-left). Turkish Cypriots-- National Unity Party or Ulusal Birlik Partisi--UBP (right); Democrat Party or Demokrat Partisi--DP (center-right); Republican Turkish Party or Cumhuriyetci Turk Partisi--CTP (center-left); Freedom and Reform Party or Free Party-- Ozgurluk ve Reform Partisi--OP (center-right); Communal Democracy Party or Toplumcu Demokrasi Partisi--TDP. Suffrage: Universal at age 18.

Map of Cyprus This Map of Cyprus shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Nicosia the capital of Cyprus. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Cyprus The Official Name of Cyprus is the Republic of Cyprus. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Cyprus Nationality: Noun and adjective--Cypriot(s). Population: Government-controlled area 796,900 (end-2008 est.); area administered by Turkish Cypriots 268,011 (2007 est.). Annual population growth rate: Government-controlled area 1.0% (2008 est.); area administered by Turkish Cypriots 4.1% (2007 est.). Ethnic groups (1960 census): Greek (77%), Turkish (18%), Maronite and Armenian (1%), and other (4%). Religions: Greek Orthodox, Muslim, Maronite, Roman Catholic, Armenian Orthodox. Languages: Greek, Turkish, English. Education: Years compulsory--6 in elementary; 3 in high school. Attendance--almost 100%. Literacy--about 99%. Health: Infant mortality rate--7.04/1,000. Life expectancy-- 77 yrs.; males 75 yrs.; females 80 years. Work force: Government-controlled area (2008), 379,100: agriculture and mining--7.5%; industry and construction-- 20.4%; and services--72.1%. Turkish Cypriot-administered area (2007), 89,787: agriculture and mining--3.6%; industry and construction--20.5%; and services--75.9%.

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