Countries of the World:
Resources about Denmark including maps, facts about the land,
people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Denmark
GDP (2008): $342.9 billion (current prices and exchange
rates, source: Statistics Denmark).
Annual growth rate (real terms, 2008.): -1.1%.
Per capita GDP (2008): $62,015 (current prices and exchange
Agriculture and fisheries (2.3% of GDP, 2008): Products--
meat, milk, grains, seeds, hides, fur skin, fish and
Industry (21.8% of GDP, 2008): Types--industrial and
construction equipment, food processing, electronics,
chemicals, pharmaceuticals, furniture, textiles, windmills,
Natural resources: North Sea--oil and gas, fish. Greenland--
fish and shrimp, potential for hydrocarbons and minerals,
including zinc, lead, molybdenum, uranium, gold, platinum.
The Faroe Islands--fish, potential for hydrocarbons.
Trade (2008, goods): Exports--$114.892 billion: industrial
production/manufactured goods 73.0% (of which machinery and
instruments were 25.5%, and fuels, chemicals, etc. 13.3%);
agricultural products and others for consumption 11.8% (pork
and pork products 4.3% of total export); fish and fish
products 2.1%. Imports--$109.727 billion: raw materials and
semi-manufactures 42.6%; consumer goods 28.6%; capital
equipment 11.6%; transport equipment 8.1%; fuels 7.9%. Major
trade partners, exports--Germany 17.6%, Sweden 14.5%, U.K.
8.3%, Norway 6%, U.S. 5.5%, Holland 4.4%. Major trade
partners, imports--Germany 21.2%, Sweden 14.2%, Holland
6.8%, U.K. 5.2%, Norway 4.7%, U.S. 3.2%.
Official exchange rate: 5.0986 kroner=U.S. $1 (2008
Geography of Denmark
Area: 43,094 sq. km. (16,639 sq. mi.); slightly smaller than
Vermont and New Hampshire combined.
Cities: Capital--Copenhagen (pop. 518,574 in Copenhagen and
1,662,189 in the Capital Region). Other cities--Aarhus
(302,618), Aalborg (196,292), Odense (187,929).
Terrain: Low and flat or slightly rolling; highest elevation
is 173 m. (568 ft.).
Climate: Temperate. The terrain, location, and prevailing
westerly winds make the weather changeable.
*Excluding Greenland and the Faroe Islands
Government of Denmark
Type: Constitutional monarchy.
Constitution: June 5, 1953.
Branches: Executive--queen (head of state), prime minister
(head of government), cabinet. Legislative--unicameral
parliament (Folketing). Judicial--appointed Supreme Court.
Political parties (represented in parliament): Venstre
(Liberal), Social Democratic, Danish People’s, Socialist
People’s, Conservative, Social Liberal, New Alliance, Unity
Suffrage: Universal adult (18 years of age).
Administrative subdivisions: 5 regions and 98 municipalities.
Map of Denmark
This Map of Denmark shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Copenhagen the capital of
Denmark. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Denmark
The Official Name of Denmark is the Kingdom of Denmark. (Facts
from the U.S. State Department)
People of Denmark
Nationality: Noun--Dane(s). Adjective--Danish.
Population (Jan. 2010): 5,511,451.
Annual population growth rate (2009): -4.3%.
Ethnic groups: Scandinavian, Inuit, Faroese, Turkish, German,
Polish, Iraqi, Bosnian, Lebanese, Iranian, British, Balkan,
Pakistani, Somali, Afghani.
Religion membership: Danish National Evangelical Lutheran
Church 83%; Muslim about 4%. Other: Majority consisting of
Protestant denominations and Roman Catholics; also 19 Muslim,
3 Jewish, 6 Buddhist, and 8 Hindu religious communities
recognized by the state.
Languages: Danish, Faroese, Greenlandic (Inuit dialect), some
German. English is the predominant second language.
Education: Years compulsory--9. Attendance--100%. Literacy--
Health: Infant mortality rate (2008)--4/1,000. Life
expectancy--men 76.26 years, women 80.70 years.
Work force (2008): 2.92 million. Employment: Industry,
construction, and utilities--21%; government--35%; private
services--41%; agriculture and fisheries--3%.
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