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Countries of the World: Egypt
Resources about Egypt including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Egypt GDP (FY 2009 est.): $188 billion. Annual growth rate (FY 2009 est.): 4.7%. Per capita GDP (PPP, FY 2009 est.): $5,650. Natural resources: Petroleum and natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, manganese, limestone, gypsum, talc, asbestos, lead, zinc. Agriculture: Products--cotton, rice, onions, beans, citrus fruits, wheat, corn, barley, sugar. Industry: Types--food processing, textiles, chemicals, petrochemicals, construction, light manufacturing, iron and steel products, aluminum, cement, military equipment. Trade (FY 2009): Exports--$25.2 billion: petroleum, clothing and textiles, cotton, fruits and vegetables, manufactured goods. Major markets--EU, U.S., Middle East. Imports--$50.3 billion: machinery and transport equipment, petroleum products, livestock, food and beverages, paper and wood products, chemicals. Major suppliers--EU, U.S., China.

Geography of Egypt Area: 1,001,450 sq. km. (386,000 sq. mi.); approximately equal to Texas and New Mexico combined. Cities: Capital--Cairo (pop. estimated at 16 million). Other cities--Alexandria (6 million), Aswan, Asyut, Port Said, Suez, Ismailia. Terrain: Desert, except Nile valley and delta. Climate: Dry, hot summers; moderate winters.

Government of Egypt Type: Republic. Independence: 1922. Constitution: 1971. Branches: Executive--president, prime minister, cabinet. Legislative--People's Assembly (444 elected and 10 presidentially appointed members; an additional 64 seats for women were created in 2009), and Shura (consultative) Council (176 elected members, 88 presidentially appointed). Judicial-- Supreme Constitutional Court. Administrative subdivisions: 29 governorates. Principal political parties: National Democratic Party (ruling). Principal opposition parties--New Wafd Party, Al Ghad Party, Democratic Front Party, National Progressive Unionist Grouping (Tagammau), and Nasserite Party. Suffrage: Universal at 18.

Map of Egypt This Map of Egypt shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Cairo the capital of Egypt. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Egypt The Official Name of Egypt is the Arab Republic of Egypt. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Egypt Nationality: Noun and adjective--Egyptian(s). Population (July 2007 est.): 80,335,036. Annual population growth rate (2007 est.): 1.72%. Ethnic groups: Egyptian, Bedouin Arab, Nubian. Religions: Muslim 90%, Coptic Christian 9%, other Christian 1%. Languages: Arabic (official), English, French. Education: Years compulsory--ages 6-15. Literacy--total adult 58%. Health: Infant mortality rate (2006 est.)--31.33 deaths/1,000 live births. Life expectancy (2006 est.)--71 years.

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