Countries of the World:
Resources about El Salvador including maps, facts about the land, people, history,
government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of El Salvador
GDP (2008): $22.3 billion; PPP GDP (2008): $43.94 billion (IMF
GDP annual real growth rate (2009): -3.5%.
Per capita income (2007): $3,547; PPP per capita income $5,842
(2007 IMF estimate).
Agriculture (11.2% of GDP, 2007): Products--coffee, sugar,
livestock, corn, poultry, and sorghum. Arable, cultivated, or
pasture land--68% (2005).
Industry (20.6% of GDP, 2007): Types--textiles and apparel,
medicines, food and beverage processing, clothing, chemical
products, petroleum products, electronics, call centers.
Trade (2008): Exports--$4.6 billion: textiles and apparel,
ethyl alcohol, coffee, sugar, medicines, iron and steel
products, tuna, light manufacturing, and paper products. Major
markets--U.S. 50.8%, Central American Common Market (CACM)
33.7%. Imports--$9 billion: petroleum, iron products, machines
and mechanical devices, cars, medicines, consumer goods,
foodstuffs, capital goods, and raw industrial materials. Major
suppliers--U.S. 35.6%, CACM 16.8%, Mexico 9.8%.
Geography of El Salvador
Area: 20,742 sq. km. (8,008 sq. mi.); about the size of
Cities: Capital--San Salvador (pop. 1.6 million). Other
cities--Santa Ana, San Miguel, Soyapango, and Apopa.
Terrain: Mountains separate country into three distinct
regions--southern coastal belt, central valleys and plateaus,
and northern mountains.
Climate: Tropical, distinct wet and dry seasons.
Government of El Salvador
Constitution: December 20, 1983.
Independence: September 15, 1821.
Branches: Executive--president and vice president.
Legislative--84-member Legislative Assembly. Judicial--
independent (Supreme Court).
Administrative subdivisions: 14 departments.
Political parties (represented in the legislature): Farabundo
Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN), Nationalist Republican
Alliance (ARENA), National Conciliation Party (PCN), Christian
Democratic Party (PDC), and Democratic Change (CD).
Suffrage: Universal at 18.
Map of El Salvador
This Map of El Salvador shows the borders of the country, as
well as rivers, and cities including San Salvador the capital
of El Salvador. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of El Salvador
The Official Name of El Salvador is the Republic of El
Salvador. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of El Salvador
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Salvadoran(s).
Population (2009 est.): 7.2 million.
Annual population growth rate (2009 est.): 1.7%.
Ethnic groups: Mestizo 90%, indigenous 1%, Caucasian 9%.
Religion (2003 est.): About 57% Roman Catholic, with
significant and growing numbers of Protestant groups.
Education: Free through high school. Attendance (grades 1-9)--
92.4%. Literacy--86.1% nationally; 77.6% in rural areas.
Health: Infant mortality rate (2006)--22/1,000 (source:
UNICEF). Life expectancy at birth (2008)--72.1 years.
Work force (about 2.9 million, 2008): Agriculture--17%;
retail, hotels, and restaurants--29.8%; industry--16.9%;
construction--6.3%; other services--20.9% (2007).
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