Countries of the World:
Resources about Equatorial Guinea including maps, facts about the land,
people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Equatorial Guinea
GDP (2009 est.): $22.86 billion.
Real GDP growth rate (2009 est.) 5.3%.
Inflation rate (2009 est.): 4.5%.
Unemployment rate: (2009 est.) 22.3%.
Natural resources: Petroleum, natural gas, timber, small,
unexploited deposits of gold, manganese, and uranium.
Agriculture (2008 est.): 2.7% of GDP. Products--coffee, cocoa,
rice, yams, cassava (tapioca), bananas, palm oil nuts, manioc,
livestock, and timber.
Industry (2008 est.): 92.6% of GDP. Types--petroleum, natural
gas, fishing, lumber.
Services (2008): 4.6% of GDP.
Trade (2008 est.): Exports--$15.82 billion: hydrocarbons
(97%), timber (2%), others (1%). Imports--$3.211 billion.
Major trading partners--United States, Spain, China, Canada,
France, United Kingdom, Cameroon, and Norway.
Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine (CFA) franc.
Geography of Equatorial Guinea
Location: Western Africa, bordering the Bay of Biafra.
Bordering nations--Cameroon, Gabon.
Area: 28,050 sq. km; slightly smaller than Maryland.
Cities: Capital--Malabo. Other cities--Bata (also capital of
Littoral province on the mainland).
Terrain: Varies. Bioko Island is volcanic, with three major
peaks of 9,876 feet, 7,416 feet, and 6,885 feet. Behind the
coastal plain, the mainland provinces are hilly at a level of
approximately 2,000 feet, with some 4,000-foot peaks. Annobon
Island is volcanic.
Climate: Tropical; always warm, humid. The weather alternates
between wet and dry seasons over the course of a year.
Government of Equatorial Guinea
Type: Nominally multi-party Republic with strong domination by
the executive branch.
Independence: October 12, 1968 (from Spain).
Constitution: Approved by national referendum November 17,
1991; amended January 1995.
Branches: Executive--President (Chief of State), Prime
Minister, and a Council of Ministers appointed by the
president. Legislative--100-member Chamber of People's
Representatives (members directly elected by universal
suffrage to serve 5-year terms). Judicial--Supreme Tribunal;
appointed and removed by the president.
Administrative subdivisions: Seven provinces--Annobon, Bioko
Norte, Bioko Sur, Centro Sur, Kie-Ntem, Littoral, Wele-Nzas.
Political parties: The ruling party is the Partido Democratico
de Guinea Ecuatorial (PDGE), formed July 30, 1987. There are
12 other recognized parties that formed in the early 1990s.
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal adult.
Map of Equatorial Guinea
This Map of Equatorial Guinea shows the borders of the
country, as well as rivers, and cities including Malabo the
capital of Equatorial Guinea.(Maps from the U.S. State
Official Name of Equatorial Guinea
The Official Name of is the Republic of Equatorial Guinea.
(Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Equatorial Guinea
Nationality: Noun--Equatorial Guinean(s), Equatoguinean(s)
Adjective--Equatorial Guinean, Equatoguinean.
Population (July 2009 est.): 633,441.
Annual population growth rate (2009 est.): 2.703%; (1975-
Ethnic groups: The Fang ethnic group of the mainland
constitutes the great majority of the population and
dominates political life and business. The Bubi group
comprises about 50,000 people living mainly in Bioko Island.
The Annobonese on the island of Annobon are estimated at
about 3,000 in number. The other three ethnic groups are
found on the coast of Rio Muni and include the Ndowe and
Kombe (about 3,000 each) and the Bujebas (about 2,000). The
pygmy populations have long been integrated into the
dominant Bantu-speaking cultures. Europeans number around
2,000, primarily Spanish and French. There is a thriving
Lebanese community, other Arabs (primarily Egyptians and
Moroccans), a large number of Filipinos, and a rapidly
expanding Chinese presence. Many guest workers from other
African countries are drawn to service industry jobs boosted
by the country’s oil boom.
Languages: Official--Spanish, French; other--pidgin English,
Fang, Bubi, Ibo.
Religion: Nominally Christian and predominantly Roman
Catholic; pagan practices.
Education: Primary school compulsory for ages 6-12.
Attendance (2007 est.)--90%. Adult literacy (2008 est.)--
Health (2009 est.): Life expectancy--61.61 years. Infant
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