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Countries of the World: Ethiopia
Resources about Ethiopia including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Ethiopia GDP (FY 2008-2009): $32.3 billion. Annual growth rate (2009-2010, government estimate): 9.9%. GDP per capita (2009): $404 Average inflation rate (FY 2008-2009): 36%. Natural resources: Potash, salt, gold, copper, platinum, natural gas (unexploited). Agriculture (45% of GDP): Products--coffee, cereals, pulses, oilseeds, khat, meat, hides and skins. Cultivated land--17%. Industry (13% of GDP): Types--textiles, processed foods, construction, cement, and hydroelectric power. Services (42% of GDP). Trade (2008): Exports--$1.5 billion. Imports--$6.8 billion; plus remittances--official est. $970 million; unofficial est. $815 million. Fiscal year: July 8-July 7.

Geography of Ethiopia Area: 1.1 million sq. km (472,000 sq. mi.); about the size of Texas, Oklahoma, and New Mexico combined. Cities: Capital--Addis Ababa (pop. 5 million). Other cities-- Dire Dawa (237,000), Nazret (189,000), Gondar (163,000), Dessie (142,000), Mekelle (141,000), Bahir Dar (140,000), Jimma (132,000), Awassa (104,000). Terrain: High plateau, mountains, dry lowland plains. Climate: Temperate in the highlands; hot in the lowlands.

Government of Ethiopia Type: Federal republic. Constitution: Ratified 1994. Branches: Executive--president, Council of State, Council of Ministers. Executive power resides with the prime minister. Legislative--bicameral parliament. Judicial--divided into federal and regional courts. Administrative subdivisions: 9 regions and 2 special city administrations: Addis Ababa and Dire Dawa. Political parties: Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), the Unity for Democracy and Justice (UDJ) party, the United Ethiopian Democratic Forces (UEDF), Oromo Federalist Democratic Movement (OFDM), and other small parties. Suffrage: Universal starting at age 18. Central government budget (2009/2010): $5.2 billion. Defense: $354 million (1.19% of GDP FY 2009/2010). National holiday: May 28.

Map of Ethiopia This Map of Ethiopia shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Addis Ababa the capital of Ethiopia. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Ethiopia The Official Name of Ethiopia is the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Ethiopia Nationality: Noun and adjective--Ethiopian(s). Population (est.): 80 million. Annual growth rate (est.): 3.2%. Ethnic groups (est.): Oromo 40%, Amhara 25%, Tigre 7%, Somali 6%, Sidama 9%, Gurage 2%, Wolaita 4%, Afar 4%, other nationalities 3%. Religions (est.): Ethiopian Orthodox Christian 40%, Sunni Muslim 45-50%, Protestant 5%, remainder indigenous beliefs. Languages: Amharic (official), Tigrinya, Arabic, Guaragigna, Oromifa, English, Somali. Education: Years compulsory--none. Attendance (elementary)-- 57%. Literacy--43%. Health: Infant mortality rate--93/1,000 live births. Work force: Agriculture--80%. Industry and commerce--20%.

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