Countries of the World:
Resources about Fiji including maps, facts about the land, people, history,
government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Fiji
GDP (2009 estimate): $3.498 billion.
GDP per capita (2009 estimate): $3,959.12.
GDP composition by sector: Services 59.7%, industry 30.4%,
Industry: Types--tourism, sugar, garments.
Trade (2009): Exports--$637.9 million; sugar, garments, gold,
fish, mineral water. Major markets-- U.K., Australia, U.S.,
New Zealand, Japan. Imports--$1.46 billion; mineral products,
machinery and transport equipment. Major sources--Singapore,
Australia, New Zealand, China, U.S. ($31.172 million).
Government external debt (2009 provisional): $273.51 million.
Geography of Fiji
Area: 18,376 sq. km (7,056 sq. mi.).
Cities: Capital--Suva (pop. 172, 948), Lautoka (pop. 52,742),
Nadi (pop. 42,712).
Terrain: Mountainous or varied.
Climate: Tropical maritime.
Government of Fiji
Type: Parliamentary democracy (overthrown by military coup in
Independence (from United Kingdom): October 10, 1970.
Constitution: July 1997 (abrogated April 2009).
Branches: Executive--president (head of state), prime minister
(head of government), cabinet. Legislative--bicameral
parliament; upper house is appointed, lower house is elected.
Judicial--Supreme Court, Court of Appeal, High Court,
Major political parties: Soqosoqo Duavata ni Lewenivanua
(SDL), Fiji Labor Party (FLP), United People's Party (UPP),
National Federation Party (NFP), National Alliance Party
(NAP), Nationalist Vanua Tako Lavo Party (NVTLP), Soqosoqo ni
Vakavulewa ni Taukei (SVT), General Voters Party (GVP),
Conservative Alliance Matanitu Vanua (CAMV).
Map of Fiji
This Map of Fiji shows the borders of the country, as well as
rivers, and cities including Suva the capital of Fiji. (Maps
from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Fiji
The Official Name of Fiji is the Republic of the Fiji Islands. (Facts from
the U.S. State Department)
People of Fiji
Nationality: Noun--Fiji Islander; adjective--Fiji or Fijian.
Population (2010 est.): 847,793. Age structure--28.7% under
14; 7.9% over 60.
Annual population growth rate (2010 est.): 0.5%.
Ethnic groups: Indigenous Fijian 57%, Indo-Fijian 37%.
Religion: Christian 52% (Methodist and Roman Catholic), Hindu
33%, Muslim 7%.
Languages: English, Fijian, and Hindi are official languages.
Education: Literacy (2004)--93%.
Health (2004): Life expectancy--overall, 67.8 years; male 66
years; female 70. Infant mortality rate--16/1,000.
Work force: Agriculture--67%.
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