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Countries of the World: Finland
Resources about Finland including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Finland GDP: $238.4 billion (EUR 170.9 billion). GDP growth rate: -7.8%. Per capita income: $44,668 (EUR 32,025). Inflation rate: 0.0% (2009); 0.1% (February 2010). Natural resources: Forests, minerals (copper, zinc, iron), farmland. Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting (2.9% of GDP): Products--meat (pork and beef), grain (wheat, rye, barley, oats), dairy products, potatoes, rapeseed. Industry (31.6% of GDP): Types--metal (including electronics and electrical equipment) and engineering, forest products, chemicals, shipbuilding, foodstuffs, textiles. Trade: Exports--$62.6 billion. Major markets--EU 55.6%, Russia 9%, U.S. 7.8%, China 4.1%. Imports--$60.3 billion. Major suppliers--EU 56.4%, Russia 16.2%, China 7.9%, U.S. 3.4%. Exchange rate (2009): 1.3948 euros (EUR) = U.S. $0.7169.

Geography of Finland Area: 338,144 sq. km. (130,558 sq. miles); about the size of New England, New Jersey, and New York combined. Cities: Capital--Helsinki (pop. 564,521). Other cities--Espoo (235,000), Tampere (204,000), Vantaa (189,711), Turku (175,286). Terrain: Low but hilly, more than 70% forested; 188,000 lakes and 179,584 islands, 98,050 of which are in the lakes. Climate: Northern temperate.

Government of Finland Type: Constitutional republic. Constitution: July 17, 1919; March 2000. Independence: December 6, 1917. Branches: Executive--president (chief of state), prime minister (head of government), Council of State (cabinet). Legislative--unicameral parliament. Judicial--Supreme Court, regional appellate courts, local courts. Subdivisions: Six provinces, provincial self-rule for the Aland Islands. Political parties: Social Democratic Party, Center Party, National Coalition (Conservative) Party, Leftist Alliance, Swedish People's Party, Green League, Christian Democrats, True Finns. Suffrage: Universal at 18.

Map of Finland This Map of Finland shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Helsinki the capital of Finland. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Finland The Official Name of Finland is the Republic of Finland. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Finland Nationality: Noun--Finn(s). Adjective--Finnish. Population (December 2008): 5.32 million. Population growth rate (2007): 0.4%. Ethnic groups: Finns, Swedes, Lapps, Sami, Roma, Tatars. Religions: Lutheran 80.7%, Orthodox 1.1%. Languages: Finnish 90.9%, Swedish 5.4% (both official); small Lapp- (0.03%) and Russian-speaking (0.8%) minorities. Education: Years compulsory--9. Attendance--almost 100%. Literacy--almost 100%. Health: Infant mortality rate--2.8/1,000 (2006). Life expectancy--males 75.6 yrs., females 82.8 yrs. Work force (2.7 million; of which 2.5 million are employed): Public services--32%; industry--19%; commerce--15.9%; finance, insurance, and business services--14.5%; agriculture and forestry--4.5%; transport and communications--6.8%; construction--7.2%.

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