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Countries of the World: France
Resources about France including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of France GDP (2009): $2.66 trillion. Avg. annual growth rate (2009): -2.5%, compared with 0.1% in 2008. Per capita GDP at PPP (2009): $33,678. Agriculture: Products--grains (wheat, barley, corn); wines and spirits; dairy products; sugar beets; oilseeds; meat and poultry; fruits and vegetables. Industry: Types--aircraft, electronics, transportation, textiles, clothing, food processing, chemicals, machinery, steel. Services: Types--Services to companies and individuals, financial and real estate activities, tourism and transportation Trade: Exports (2009)--$482.3 billion (f.o.b.): automobiles, aircraft and aircraft components, pharmaceuticals, automobile equipment, iron and steel products, refined petroleum products, cosmetics, organic chemicals, electronic components, wine and champagne. Imports (2009)--$543.5 billion (f.o.b.): oil and natural gas, automobiles, aircraft and aircraft components, refined petroleum products, automobile equipment, pharmaceuticals, iron and steel products, and computers/computer-related products. Major trading partners--EU and U.S. Exchange rate: U.S. $1=0.72 euro in 2009.

Geography of France Area: 551,670 sq. km. (220,668 sq. mi.); largest west European country, about four-fifths the size of Texas. Cities: Capital--Paris. Major cities--Marseille, Lyon, Toulouse, Strasbourg, Nice, Rennes, Lille, Bordeaux. Terrain: Varied. Climate: Temperate.

Government of France Type: Republic. Constitution: September 28, 1958. Branches: Executive--president (chief of state); prime minister (head of government). Legislative--bicameral Parliament (577-member National Assembly, 319-member Senate). Judicial--Court of Cassation (civil and criminal law), Council of State (administrative court), Constitutional Council (constitutional law). Subdivisions: 22 administrative regions containing 96 departments (metropolitan France). Thirteen territories outside metropolitan France: four overseas departments which are also regions (French abbreviation is DOM-ROM)-- Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, and Reunion; six overseas collectivities ("Collectivités d'Outre-mer" or COM)--French Polynesia, Wallis and Futuna Islands, Saint- Pierre and Miquelon, Saint-Martin and Saint-Barthelemy Island, and Mayotte, which in March 2009 voted to become a full overseas department, and is likely to be recognized as such in 2011; one overseas country of France ("Pays d'Outre- mer" or POM)--New Caledonia; and the French Southern and Antarctic Territories and the atoll of Clipperton. Political parties: Union for a Popular Movement (UMP--a synthesis of center-right Gaullist/nationalist and free- market parties); Socialist Party; New Center (former UDF centrists now affiliated with the UMP); Democratic Movement (former UDF centrists loyal to MoDem President Francois Bayrou); Communist Party; extreme right National Front; Greens; various minor parties. Suffrage: Universal at 18.

Map of France This Map of France shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Paris the capital of France. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of France The Official Name of France is the French Republic. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of France Nationality: Adjective--French. Population (January 1, 2010 est.): 64.7 million (including overseas territories); 62.8 million (metropolitan). Annual population growth rate (2009 est.): 0.5%. Ethnic groups: Celtic and Latin with Teutonic, Slavic, North African, Sub-Saharan African, Indochinese, and Basque minorities. Religion: Roman Catholic 85% (est.), Muslim 10% (est.), Protestant 2%, Jewish 1%. Language: French. Education: Years compulsory--10. Literacy--99%. Health: Infant mortality rate (2009)--3.8/1,000. Work force (2009): 28.1 million (preliminary): Services-- 74.7%; industry and commerce--22.0%; agriculture--3.2%.

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