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Countries of the World: Gabon
Resources about Gabon including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Gabon Real GDP (2010 est.): $14 billion. Annual real growth rate (2010 est.): 5.4%. Per capita income (2010 est.): $8,600. Avg. inflation rate (2010 est.): 5%. Natural resources: Petroleum, timber, manganese, uranium, gold. Agriculture and forestry (4% of GDP): Products--manioc, rubber, sugar, and pineapples. Cultivated land--approximately 1%. Industry (64% of GDP): Types--petroleum related, wood processing, food and beverage processing. Services (32% of GDP): Types--government services, tourism. Trade (2007): $8.499 billion. Exports--61% of GDP (f.o.b.): petroleum, wood, manganese. Major markets--U.S. 16.6%, China 15.9%, EU 13.7%, France 4.3%. Imports--30% of GDP (f.o.b.): construction equipment, machinery, food, automobiles, manufactured goods. Major suppliers--EU 56.9%, France 32.2%, U.S. 7.9%, China 7.0%, Belgium 5.0%. Current account balance with U.S. (2009)--$1.060 billion.

Geography of Gabon Area: 267,667 sq. km. (103,347 sq. mi.); about the size of Colorado. Cities: Capital--Libreville (pop. 673,995). Other cities-- Port-Gentil (150,000), Franceville (31,183). Terrain: Narrow coastal plain; hilly, heavily forested interior (about 80% forested); some savanna regions in east and south. Climate: Hot and humid all year with two rainy and two dry seasons.

Government of Gabon Type: Republic. Independence: August 17, 1960. Constitution: February 21, 1961 (revised April 15, 1975; rewritten March 26, 1991; revised July 29, 2003). Branches: Executive--president (head of state); prime minister (head of government) and appointed Council of Ministers. Legislative--bicameral legislature (National Assembly and Senate). Judicial--Supreme Court and Constitutional Court. Administrative subdivisions: 9 provinces, 36 prefectures, and 8 subprefectures. Political parties: Parti Democratique Gabonais (PDG) holds the largest number of seats in the National Assembly; l’Union Nationale (UN); Union du Peuple Gabonais (UPG); Rassemblement du Peuple Gabonais (RPG). Suffrage: Universal, direct. Central government budget (2010 est.): Receipts--$2.7 billion; expenses--$2.4 billion; defense (2007)--3.5% of government budget.

Map of Gabon This Map of Gabon shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Libreville the capital of Gabon. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Gabon The Official Name of Gabon is the Gabonese Republic. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Gabon Nationality: Noun and adjective--Gabonese (sing. and pl.). Population (2010 est.): 1,545,255. Annual population growth rate (2010 est.): 2.025%. Ethnic groups: Fang (largest), Myene, Bapounou, Eshira, Bandjabi, Bakota, Nzebi, Bateke/Obamba. Religions: Christian (55%-75%), Muslim (5%-10%), animist less than 1%. Languages: French (official), Fang, Myene, Bateke, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi. Education: Years compulsory--to age 16. Attendance--94%. Literacy--86%. Health: Infant mortality rate--55/1,000. Life expectancy--60 yrs. Work force (600,000 est.): Agriculture--52%; industry and commerce--16%; services and government--33%.

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