Countries of the World:
Resources about Gambia including maps, facts about the land, people, history,
government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Gambia
GDP (2008): $811 million.
Annual growth rate (2009): 5.6%.
Gross national income per capita (2009): $440 (Atlas
method); $1,330 (purchasing power parity).
Inflation rate (consumer prices in 2009): 2.8%.
Natural resources: Seismic studies indicate the possible
presence of oil and gas offshore.
Services (59% of GDP and 6% of labor force): tourism,
Agriculture (33.3% of GDP and 75% of labor force): Products-
-rice, millet, sorghum, peanuts, corn, sesame, fish, palm
kernels, vegetables, livestock, forestry.
Industry (7.6% of GDP and 19% of labor force): Types--peanut
and fish products, construction, telecommunications,
brewing, soft drinks, agricultural machinery assembly,
woodworking, metal working, clothing and textile
manufacturing, food processing.
Trade: (2008 est.): Principal exports--$85 million:
groundnut products, fish and fish preparations, cotton lint,
palm kernels, re-exports. Major markets--India 30.5%, Japan
25.6%, Belgium 6.3%, China 5.5%, U.K. 5.3%, Spain 4.1%, U.S.
0.9%. Principal imports--$299 million including food and
beverages, manufactures, fuel, machinery and transport
equipment, minerals. Major suppliers--China 20.6%, Senegal
12.1%, Cote d'Ivoire 8.7%, Brazil 7.7%, Netherlands 5%, U.S.
Budget (2010): $203.5 million.
Official development assistance (ODA) received from all
sources (2001): $50.9 million.
FY 2010 U.S. bilateral assistance: $120,000 in International
Military Education and Training.
Currency: Dalasi (GMD). 28.5 GMD = U.S. $1.
Geography of Gambia
Area: 11,300 sq. km. (4,361 sq. mi.); less than half the size
Cities: Capital--Banjul (pop. 34,828 excluding suburbs; 2003
Terrain: Flood plain of the Gambia River flanked by low hills.
Climate: Tropical; hot rainy season (June to November);
cooler, dry season (November to May).
Government of Gambia
Independence: February 18, 1965.
Constitution: January 16, 1997.
Branches: Executive, legislative, and judicial.
Subdivisions: Capital and six divisions.
Political parties: Alliance for Patriotic Reorientation and
Construction (APRC), United Democratic Party (UDP), National
Reconciliation Party (NRP), National Convention Party (NCP),
Peoples Democratic Organization for Independence and Socialism
(PDOIS), National Democratic Action Movement (NDAM), and the
Gambia Party for Democracy and Progress (GPDP).
Map of Gambia
This Map of Gambia shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Banjul the capital of Gambia.
(Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Gambia
The Official Name of Gambia is the Republic of The Gambia.
(Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Gambia
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Gambian(s).
Population (2009): 1.78 million.
Annual growth rate (2009 est.): 2.668%.
Urban population (2008): 57%.
Ethnic groups (2003 census): Mandinka 42%, Fula 18%, Wolof
16%, Jola 10%, Sarahule 9%, others 5%.
Non-Gambians 12.9% of the population.
Religions: Muslim 90%, Christian 8%, other 2%.
Languages: English (official), Mandinka, Wolof, Fula, Jola,
Sarahule, other indigenous languages.
Education: Years compulsory--up to age eight. Attendance--69%
primary, 35% secondary. Adult literacy--40.1%.
Health: Life expectancy (2009)--56 years. Infant mortality
If you notice a broken link or any error PLEASE report it by clicking