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Countries of the World: Gambia
Resources about Gambia including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Gambia GDP (2008): $811 million. Annual growth rate (2009): 5.6%. Gross national income per capita (2009): $440 (Atlas method); $1,330 (purchasing power parity). Inflation rate (consumer prices in 2009): 2.8%. Natural resources: Seismic studies indicate the possible presence of oil and gas offshore. Services (59% of GDP and 6% of labor force): tourism, foreign banking. Agriculture (33.3% of GDP and 75% of labor force): Products- -rice, millet, sorghum, peanuts, corn, sesame, fish, palm kernels, vegetables, livestock, forestry. Industry (7.6% of GDP and 19% of labor force): Types--peanut and fish products, construction, telecommunications, brewing, soft drinks, agricultural machinery assembly, woodworking, metal working, clothing and textile manufacturing, food processing. Trade: (2008 est.): Principal exports--$85 million: groundnut products, fish and fish preparations, cotton lint, palm kernels, re-exports. Major markets--India 30.5%, Japan 25.6%, Belgium 6.3%, China 5.5%, U.K. 5.3%, Spain 4.1%, U.S. 0.9%. Principal imports--$299 million including food and beverages, manufactures, fuel, machinery and transport equipment, minerals. Major suppliers--China 20.6%, Senegal 12.1%, Cote d'Ivoire 8.7%, Brazil 7.7%, Netherlands 5%, U.S. 3.3%. Budget (2010): $203.5 million. Official development assistance (ODA) received from all sources (2001): $50.9 million. FY 2010 U.S. bilateral assistance: $120,000 in International Military Education and Training. Currency: Dalasi (GMD). 28.5 GMD = U.S. $1.

Geography of Gambia Area: 11,300 sq. km. (4,361 sq. mi.); less than half the size of Maryland. Cities: Capital--Banjul (pop. 34,828 excluding suburbs; 2003 census provisional). Terrain: Flood plain of the Gambia River flanked by low hills. Climate: Tropical; hot rainy season (June to November); cooler, dry season (November to May).

Government of Gambia Type: Republic. Independence: February 18, 1965. Constitution: January 16, 1997. Branches: Executive, legislative, and judicial. Subdivisions: Capital and six divisions. Political parties: Alliance for Patriotic Reorientation and Construction (APRC), United Democratic Party (UDP), National Reconciliation Party (NRP), National Convention Party (NCP), Peoples Democratic Organization for Independence and Socialism (PDOIS), National Democratic Action Movement (NDAM), and the Gambia Party for Democracy and Progress (GPDP).

Map of Gambia This Map of Gambia shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Banjul the capital of Gambia. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Gambia The Official Name of Gambia is the Republic of The Gambia. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Gambia Nationality: Noun and adjective--Gambian(s). Population (2009): 1.78 million. Annual growth rate (2009 est.): 2.668%. Urban population (2008): 57%. Ethnic groups (2003 census): Mandinka 42%, Fula 18%, Wolof 16%, Jola 10%, Sarahule 9%, others 5%. Non-Gambians 12.9% of the population. Religions: Muslim 90%, Christian 8%, other 2%. Languages: English (official), Mandinka, Wolof, Fula, Jola, Sarahule, other indigenous languages. Education: Years compulsory--up to age eight. Attendance--69% primary, 35% secondary. Adult literacy--40.1%. Health: Life expectancy (2009)--56 years. Infant mortality rate--67/1,000.

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