Countries of the World:
Resources about Georgia including maps, facts about the land, people,
history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Georgia
GDP (2008): $12.79 billion.
GDP per capita (2009 est., purchasing power parity): $4,747.
GDP growth (2008): 2.3%.
Inflation rate (2008): 5.5%.
Natural resources: Forests, hydropower, nonferrous metals,
manganese, iron ore, copper, citrus fruits, tea, wine.
Industry: Types--steel, aircraft, machine tools, foundry
equipment (automobiles, trucks, and tractors), tower cranes,
electric welding equipment, fuel re-exports, machinery for
food packing, electric motors, textiles, shoes, chemicals,
wood products, bottled water, and wine.
Trade (2008): Exports--$1.5 billion. Partners--Turkey, United
States, Azerbaijan, United Kingdom, Bulgaria, Ukraine, Russia,
Armenia, Turkmenistan. Imports--$6.31 billion. Partners--
Turkey, Russia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan, Germany, United States,
Work force (1.92 million in 2008): Agriculture--53.5%,
industry--8.9%, services--35.5%. Unemployment (2008 est.)--
Geography of Georgia
Area: 69,700 square kilometers; slightly smaller than South
Carolina; approximately 20% of its total territory is not
under Georgian Government control.
Cities: Capital--Tbilisi (population 1.1 million, 2008).
Terrain: Mostly rugged and mountainous.
Climate: Generally moderate; mild on the Black Sea coast with
cold winters in the mountains.
Government of Georgia
Constitution: August 24, 1995; amended February, April, and
June 2004; December 2005; and January 2007.
Branches: Executive--president with State Chancellery.
Legislative--unicameral Parliament, 235 members. Judicial--
Supreme Court, Constitutional Court, and local courts.
Subdivisions: 67 electoral districts, including those within
two autonomous republics (Abkhazia and Adjara) and five
Major political parties [and leaders]: United National
Movement [Mikheil Saakashvili]; The Christian Democratic
Movement [Giorgi Targamadze]; Our Georgia - Free Democrats
[Irakli Alasania]; Republican Party [David Usupashvili]; Labor
Party [Shalva Natelashvili].
Suffrage: Universal over 18 years of age.
Map of Georgia
This Map of Georgia shows the borders of the country, as well as
rivers, and cities including Tbilisi the capital of Georgia. (Maps
from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Georgia
The Official Name of Georgia is Georgia. (Facts from the U.S.
People of Georgia
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Georgian(s).
Population (2009 est.): 4.4 million.
Population growth rate (2008): -0.8%.
Ethnic groups (2002 census): Georgian 83.8%, Azeri 6.5%,
Armenian 5.7%, Russian 1.5%, other 2.5%.
Religion (2002 census): Orthodox Christian 83.9%, Muslim 9.9%,
Armenian Apostolic 3.9%, Catholic 0.8%; other 0.8%; none 0.7%.
Language: Georgian 71% (official), Russian 9%, Armenian 7%,
Azeri 6%, other 7%. Abkhaz also "official language" in
Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia.
Education: Years compulsory--11. Literacy (2004 est.) 100%.
Health: Infant mortality rate (2008)--17 deaths/1,000 live
births. Life expectancy (2008)--72 yrs.
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