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Countries of the World: Ghana
Resources about Ghana including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Ghana GDP (2009): $15.51 billion. Real GDP growth rate (2009): 3.5%. Per capita GDP (2009): $671. Inflation rate (consumer prices, Government of Ghana data as of September 2009): 9.44%. Natural resources: Gold, oil, timber, diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish. Agriculture: Products--cocoa, wood manufactures, pineapples, cashews, spices, other food crops, rubber. Land--70% arable and forested. Business and industry: Types--mining, lumber, light manufacturing, fishing, aluminum, tourism. Trade (2009): Exports--$5.72 billion: gold, cocoa, timber, industrial diamonds, manganese ore, tuna. Imports--$8.44 billion: petroleum, food, industrial raw materials, machinery, equipment. Major trade partners--Nigeria, China, U.S., U.K., Netherlands, Cote d’Ivoire, France, India. Fiscal year: Calendar year.

Geography of Ghana Area: 238,538 sq. km. (92,100 sq. mi.); about the size of Illinois and Indiana combined. Cities: Capital--Accra (metropolitan area pop. 3 million est.). Other cities--Kumasi (1 million est.), Tema (500,000 est.), Sekondi-Takoradi (370,000 est.). Terrain: Plains and scrubland, rainforest, savanna. Climate: Tropical.

Government of Ghana Type: Democracy. Independence: March 6, 1957. Constitution: Entered into force January 7, 1993. Branches: Executive--president popularly elected for a maximum of two 4-year terms; Council of State, a presidential appointed consultative body of 25 members required by the constitution. Legislative--unicameral Parliament popularly elected for 4-year terms. Judicial--independent Supreme Court justices nominated by president with approval of Parliament. Subdivisions: Ten regions. Political parties: New Patriotic Party, National Democratic Congress, Convention People's Party, People's National Convention, others. Suffrage: Universal at 18.

Map of Ghana This Map of Ghana shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Accra the capital of Ghana. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Ghana The Official Name of Ghana is the Republic of Ghana. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Ghana Nationality: Noun and adjective--Ghanaian(s). Population (2010 est.): 24 million. Density: 88/sq. km. (247/sq. mi.). Population growth rate (2010 est.): 1.9%. Ethnic groups: Akan 45.3%, Mole Dagbon 15.2%, Ewe 11.7%, Ga- Dangme 7.3%, other groups 20.4%. Religions: Christian 68.8%, Muslim 15.9%, traditional 8.5%, other 0.7%, none 6.1%. Languages: English (official), Akan (which includes Asante Twi, Akwapim Twi, Akyem, and Fanti) 49%, Mole-Dagbani 16%, Ewe 13%, Ga-Adangbe 8%, Guan 4%, others 10%. Education: Years compulsory--9. Literacy--57.9%. Health: Infant mortality rate (2010 est.)--51.2/1,000. Life expectancy--61.3 yrs. for women, 58.9 yrs. for men Work force (11.1 million): Agriculture and fishing--47.9%; industry and transport--16.2%; sales and clerical--19.3%; services--5.9%; professional--8.9%; other--1.8%.

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