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Countries of the World: Greece
Resources about Greece including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Greece GDP (2010 forecast): 236 billion (about $315 billion). Per capita GDP (2009 estimated): $30,035. Growth rate (2010 forecast): -4.00%. Inflation rate (2010 forecast): 4.6%. Unemployment rate (annual average, 2010 forecast): 11.8%. Natural resources: Bauxite, lignite, magnesite, oil, marble. Agriculture (5.4% of GDP): Products--sugar beets, wheat, maize, tomatoes, olives, olive oil, grapes, raisins, wine, oranges, peaches, tobacco, cotton, livestock, dairy products. Manufacturing (21.3% of GDP): Types--processed foods, shoes, textiles, metals, chemicals, electrical equipment, cement, glass, transport equipment, petroleum products, construction, electrical power. Services (73.3% of GDP): Transportation, tourism, communications, trade, banking, public administration, defense. Trade: Exports (2009 estimated)--$21.37 billion: manufactured goods, food and beverages, petroleum products, cement, chemicals. Major markets--Germany, Italy, Bulgaria, U.S., U.K., Romania. Imports (2009 estimated)--$64.27 billion: basic manufactures, food and animals, crude oil, chemicals, machinery, transport equipment. Major suppliers-- Germany, Italy, France, Netherlands, Russia.

Geography of Greece Area: 131,957 sq. km. (51,146 sq. mi.; roughly the size of Alabama). Major cities: Capital--Athens. Greater Athens (pop. 3,566,060), municipality of Athens (772,072), Greater Thessaloniki (pop. 1,057,825), municipality of Thessaloniki (363,987), Piraeus (175,697), Greater Piraeus (466,065), Patras (171,616), Iraklion (137,711), Larissa (126,076). Terrain: Mountainous interior with coastal plains; 1,400-plus islands. Climate: Mediterranean; mild, wet winter and hot, dry summer.

Government of Greece Type: Parliamentary republic. Independence: 1830. National Day: March 25 (1821). Constitution: June 11, 1975, amended March 1986, April 2001, May 2008. Branches: Executive--president (head of state), prime minister (head of government). Legislative--300-seat unicameral Vouli (parliament). Judicial--Supreme Court, Council of State. Political parties: Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK), New Democracy (ND), Communist Party of Greece (KKE), Popular Orthodox Rally (LAOS), and Coalition of the Left (SYNASPISMOS). Suffrage: Universal and mandatory at 18. Administrative subdivisions: 13 peripheries (regional districts); 325 municipalities; two wider metropolitan area administrative councils to encompass the whole of the Attica region and the Thessaloniki agglomeration.

Map of Greece This Map of Greece shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Athens the capital of Greece. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Greece The Official Name of Greece is the Hellenic Republic. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Greece Population (2010 est.): 11,295,002. (Legal immigrants make up approximately 6.95% of the population.) Population growth rate (2010 estimated): 0.1%. Languages: Greek 99% (official), Turkish, others. Albanian is spoken by approximately 700,000 Albanian immigrants. English is the predominant second language. Religions: Greek Orthodox (approximately 98% of citizens), with Muslim (1.5%), Jewish, Catholic, Protestant, and other religious communities. Education: Years compulsory--9. Literacy--97.5%. All levels are free. Health: Infant mortality rate--5.43/1,000. Life expectancy-- male 77.69 years, female 82.35 years. Work force (2009 estimated): 5.0 million.

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