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Countries of the World: Guatemala
Resources about Guatemala including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Guatemala Real GDP (2009 est.): $23.7 billion. Real GDP growth (2009 est.): 0.6%. Per capita GNI, PPP (2008): $4,690. Natural resources: Oil, timber, nickel, gold. Agriculture (13.4% of GDP): Products--coffee, sugar, bananas, cardamom, vegetables, flowers and plants, timber, rice, rubber. Manufacturing (18.3% of GDP): Types--prepared food, clothing and textiles, construction materials, tires, pharmaceuticals. Trade (2009): Exports--$7.2 billion: coffee, bananas, sugar, crude oil, chemical products, clothing and textiles, vegetables. Major markets--U.S. 40.7%, Central American Common Market (CACM) 27.5%, Mexico 5.9%. Imports--$11.5 billion: machinery and equipment, fuels, mineral products, chemical products, vehicles and transport materials, plastic materials and products. Major suppliers--U.S. 36.5%, CACM 11.4%, Mexico 10.3%, China 5.3%.

Geography of Guatemala Area: 108,890 sq. km. (42,042 sq. mi.); about the size of Tennessee. Cities: Capital--Guatemala City (metro area pop. 2.5 million). Other major cities--Quetzaltenango, Escuintla. Terrain: Mountainous, with fertile coastal plain. Climate: Temperate in highlands; tropical on coasts.

Government of Guatemala Type: Constitutional democratic republic. Constitution: May 1985; amended November 1993. Independence: September 15, 1821. Branches: Executive--president (4-year term; 1 term limit). Legislative--unicameral 158-member Congress (4-year term). Judicial--13-member Supreme Court of Justice (5-year term). Subdivisions: 22 departments (appointed governors); 331 municipalities with elected mayors and city councils. Major political parties: National Union for Hope (UNE), Grand National Alliance (GANA), Patriot Party (PP), Guatemalan Republican Front (FRG), National Advancement Party (PAN), Unionists (PU), Encounter for Guatemala (EG). Suffrage: Universal for adults 18 and over who are not serving on active duty with the armed forces or police. A variety of procedural obstacles have historically reduced participation by poor, rural, and indigenous people, but implementation in 2007 of voting reform legislation nearly doubled the number of polling places, resulting in higher participation in rural areas, including among indigenous people.

Map of Guatemala This Map of Guatemala shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Guatemala City the capital of Guatemala. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Guatemala The Official Name of Guatemala is the Republic of Guatemala. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Guatemala Nationality: Noun and adjective--Guatemalan(s). Population (2009 est.): 14.36 million. Annual population growth rate (2009 est.): 2.4%. Ethnic groups: Mestizo (mixed Spanish-Indian), indigenous. Religions: Roman Catholic, Protestant, traditional Mayan. Languages: Spanish, 24 indigenous languages (principally Kiche, Kaqchikel, Q'eqchi, and Mam). Education: Years compulsory--6. Attendance--41%. Literacy-- 70.6%. Health: Infant mortality rate (2008/2009)--30/1,000. Life expectancy (2005)--69 yrs. Work force salaried breakdown: Services--42%; industry and commerce--37%; agriculture--14%; construction, mining, utilities, transportation, and communications--7%. Fifty percent of the population engages in some form of agriculture, often at the subsistence level outside the monetized economy.

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