Countries of the World:
Resources about Guatemala including maps, facts about the land, people, history,
government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Guatemala
Real GDP (2009 est.): $23.7 billion.
Real GDP growth (2009 est.): 0.6%.
Per capita GNI, PPP (2008): $4,690.
Natural resources: Oil, timber, nickel, gold.
Agriculture (13.4% of GDP): Products--coffee, sugar, bananas,
cardamom, vegetables, flowers and plants, timber, rice,
Manufacturing (18.3% of GDP): Types--prepared food, clothing
and textiles, construction materials, tires, pharmaceuticals.
Trade (2009): Exports--$7.2 billion: coffee, bananas, sugar,
crude oil, chemical products, clothing and textiles,
vegetables. Major markets--U.S. 40.7%, Central American Common
Market (CACM) 27.5%, Mexico 5.9%. Imports--$11.5 billion:
machinery and equipment, fuels, mineral products, chemical
products, vehicles and transport materials, plastic materials
and products. Major suppliers--U.S. 36.5%, CACM 11.4%, Mexico
10.3%, China 5.3%.
Geography of Guatemala
Area: 108,890 sq. km. (42,042 sq. mi.); about the size of
Cities: Capital--Guatemala City (metro area pop. 2.5 million).
Other major cities--Quetzaltenango, Escuintla.
Terrain: Mountainous, with fertile coastal plain.
Climate: Temperate in highlands; tropical on coasts.
Government of Guatemala
Type: Constitutional democratic republic.
Constitution: May 1985; amended November 1993.
Independence: September 15, 1821.
Branches: Executive--president (4-year term; 1 term limit).
Legislative--unicameral 158-member Congress (4-year term).
Judicial--13-member Supreme Court of Justice (5-year term).
Subdivisions: 22 departments (appointed governors); 331
municipalities with elected mayors and city councils.
Major political parties: National Union for Hope (UNE), Grand
National Alliance (GANA), Patriot Party (PP), Guatemalan
Republican Front (FRG), National Advancement Party (PAN),
Unionists (PU), Encounter for Guatemala (EG).
Suffrage: Universal for adults 18 and over who are not serving
on active duty with the armed forces or police. A variety of
procedural obstacles have historically reduced participation
by poor, rural, and indigenous people, but implementation in
2007 of voting reform legislation nearly doubled the number of
polling places, resulting in higher participation in rural
areas, including among indigenous people.
Map of Guatemala
This Map of Guatemala shows the borders of the country, as
well as rivers, and cities including Guatemala City the
capital of Guatemala. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Guatemala
The Official Name of Guatemala is the Republic of Guatemala.
(Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Guatemala
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Guatemalan(s).
Population (2009 est.): 14.36 million.
Annual population growth rate (2009 est.): 2.4%.
Ethnic groups: Mestizo (mixed Spanish-Indian), indigenous.
Religions: Roman Catholic, Protestant, traditional Mayan.
Languages: Spanish, 24 indigenous languages (principally
Kiche, Kaqchikel, Q'eqchi, and Mam).
Education: Years compulsory--6. Attendance--41%. Literacy--
Health: Infant mortality rate (2008/2009)--30/1,000. Life
expectancy (2005)--69 yrs.
Work force salaried breakdown: Services--42%; industry and
commerce--37%; agriculture--14%; construction, mining,
utilities, transportation, and communications--7%. Fifty
percent of the population engages in some form of agriculture,
often at the subsistence level outside the monetized economy.
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