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Countries of the World: Guinea-Bissau
Resources about Guinea-Bissau including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Guinea-Bissau GDP (2009): $826 million. Annual growth rate (2009): 3%. GDP per capita (2009): $512. Natural resources: Fish and timber. Bauxite and phosphate deposits are not exploited; offshore petroleum. Agriculture (62% of GDP): Products--cashews, tropical fruits, rice, peanuts, cotton, palm oil. Arable land--11%. Forested-- 38%. Industry (12% of GDP): Cashew processing. Very little industrial capacity remains following the 1998 internal conflict. Trade (2009): Exports--$114.8 million: cashews ($110.1 million); fish; shrimp; peanuts; palm kernels; sawn lumber. Major markets (2008)--India 56.8%, Nigeria 35.6%, Pakistan 1.2%. Imports--$146.4 million: food products ($58.1 million), petroleum products ($35 million). Major suppliers (2008)-- Portugal 24.5%, Senegal 17.2%, Pakistan 4.8%, France 4.6%. Currency: West African franc (CFAF): 446 CFAF = U.S. $1.

Geography of Guinea-Bissau Area (including Bijagos Archipelago): 36,125 sq. km., about the size of Maryland. Cities: Capital--Bissau. Other cities--Bafata, Gabu, Canchungo, Farim, Cacheu. Regions: Oio, Tombali, Cacheu, Bolama, Quinara, Biombo, Bafata, Gabu. Terrain: Coastal plain; savanna in the east. Climate: Tropical.

Government of Guinea-Bissau Type: Republic, multi-party since 1991. Independence: September 24, 1973 (proclaimed unilaterally); September 10, 1974 (de jure from Portugal). Constitution: Adopted 1984. The National Assembly adopted a new constitution in 2001, but it was neither promulgated nor vetoed by the President. Branches: Executive--president (chief of state), prime minister (head of government) and Council of State, ministers and secretaries of state. Legislature--National Popular Assembly (ANP), 100 members directly elected in 2008. Judicial--Supreme Court and lower courts. Administrative subdivisions: Autonomous sector of Bissau and eight regions. Political parties: In the November 2008 parliamentary elections, the African Party for the Independence of Guinea- Bissau and Cape Verde (PAIGC) won 67 seats; the Social Renovation Party (PRS) won 28 seats; and the Republican Party for Independence and Development won 3 seats. In addition to these three major parties, there are numerous other political parties. Suffrage: Universal at 18.

Map of Guinea-Bissau This Map of Guinea-Bissau shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Bissau the capital of Guinea-Bissau. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Guinea-Bissau The Official Name of Guinea-Bissau is the Republic of Guinea- Bissau. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Guinea-Bissau Nationality: Noun and adjective--Bissau-Guinean(s). Population (July 2009 est.): 1,533,964. Population growth rate (2009): 2.019%. Ethnic groups: Balanta 30%, Fula 20%, Manjaca 14%, Mandinga 13%, Papel 7%, others 16%. Religions: Indigenous beliefs 50%, Muslim 40%, Christian 10%. Languages: Portuguese (official), Creole, French; many indigenous languages--Balanta-Kentohe 26%, Pulaar 18%, Mandjak 12%, Mandinka 11%, Pepel 9%, Biafada 3%, Mancanha 3%, Bidyogo 2%, Ejamat 2%, Mansoanka 1%, Bainoukgunyuno 1%, Nalu 1%, Soninke 1%, Badjara 1%, Bayote 0.5%, Kobiana 0.04%, Cassanga 0.04%, Basary 0.03%. Education: Years compulsory--4. Literacy (2008)--42.4% of adults. Health: Infant mortality rate (2009)--99.82 deaths/1,000 live births. Life expectancy (2009)--47.9 years. Work force (2007): 632,700. Agriculture--82%; industry, services, and commerce--13%; government--2%.

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