Countries of the World:
Resources about Guyana including maps, facts about
the land, people, history, government, political
conditions, and economy.
Economy of Guyana
Nominal GDP: $999.4 million.
Real annual growth rate: 2.3%.
Per capita GDP (PPP): $3,800.
Per capita GDP: $1,298.
Agriculture: Products--sugar, rice, shrimp, fish, fresh
fruits and vegetables.
Natural resources: Gold, bauxite, diamonds, timber.
Industry: Types--mining (gold, bauxite, diamonds),
agriculture (sugar, rice, livestock, fresh fruits and
vegetables), forestry, fisheries, manufacturing (beverage,
foodstuff processing, apparel, footwear assembly,
pharmaceuticals), engineering and construction, and services
(distribution, financial, transport and communication).
Merchandise trade: Exports--$768.2 million: gold, sugar,
rice, bauxite, timber, fish and shrimp, prepared food,
diamonds, and molasses. Major export markets-- Canada, U.K.,
U.S., Ukraine, Jamaica, Netherlands, Germany, Trinidad and
Tobago, Barbados, and Belgium. Imports--$1.2 billion: fuel
and lubricants, veterinary medicine, plant equipment, motor
cars, iron and steel, electric power machines, cement and
fertilizer. Major suppliers--U.S., Trinidad and Tobago,
Venezuela, Suriname, China, United Kingdom, Japan, Finland,
Geography of Guyana
Area: 214,970 sq. km. (83,000 sq. mi.); about the size of
Cities: Capital--Georgetown (pop. 250,000). Other cities--
Linden (29,000) and New Amsterdam (18,000).
Terrain: Low coastal plain, hilly sand and clay region,
forested highlands, interior savanna.
Government of Guyana
Type: Republic within the Commonwealth.
Independence: May 26, 1966; Republic, February 23, 1970.
Branches: Executive--president (chief of state and head of
government), prime minister. Legislative--unicameral National
Assembly of 65 deputies. The ten administrative regions of the
country elect 25 members, 40 are elected from party lists by
proportion of the national vote. Judicial--Judicial Court of
Appeal, High Court.
Subdivisions: 10 regions.
Political parties (voting seats in the National Assembly):
People's Progressive Party/Civic (PPP/C) 36; People's National
Congress (PNC) 22; Alliance for Change (AFC) 5, Guyana Action
Party/Rise Organize and Rebuild (GAP/ROAR) 1; and The United
Force (TUF) 1. Presidential and parliamentary elections were
last held August 28, 2006.
Suffrage: Universal at 18.
Map of Guyana
This Map of Guyana shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Georgetown the capital of
Guyana. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Guyana
The Official Name of Guyana is the Co-operative Republic of
Guyana. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Guyana
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Guyanese (sing. and pl.).
Population (2009, Government of Guyana): 777,000.
Ethnic groups: East Indian origin 43%, African origin 30%,
mixed 17%, Amerindian 9%.
Religions: Christian 57%, Hindu 28%, Muslim 10%, other 5%.
Languages: English, Guyanese Creole, Amerindian languages
(primarily Carib and Arawak).
Education (2007): Years compulsory--ages 5-1/2 to 14-1/2.
Attendance--primary 93.6%, secondary 93%. Literacy--98.8% of
adults who have attended school.
Health: Infant mortality rate--30/1,000. Life expectancy--men
64 yrs., women 69 yrs.
Work force (2007 Bank of Guyana estimates): 333,900. Industry
and commerce--36.4%; agriculture--30.2%; services--30.2%;
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