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Countries of the World: Guyana
Resources about Guyana including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Guyana Nominal GDP: $999.4 million. Real annual growth rate: 2.3%. Per capita GDP (PPP): $3,800. Per capita GDP: $1,298. Agriculture: Products--sugar, rice, shrimp, fish, fresh fruits and vegetables. Natural resources: Gold, bauxite, diamonds, timber. Industry: Types--mining (gold, bauxite, diamonds), agriculture (sugar, rice, livestock, fresh fruits and vegetables), forestry, fisheries, manufacturing (beverage, foodstuff processing, apparel, footwear assembly, pharmaceuticals), engineering and construction, and services (distribution, financial, transport and communication). Merchandise trade: Exports--$768.2 million: gold, sugar, rice, bauxite, timber, fish and shrimp, prepared food, diamonds, and molasses. Major export markets-- Canada, U.K., U.S., Ukraine, Jamaica, Netherlands, Germany, Trinidad and Tobago, Barbados, and Belgium. Imports--$1.2 billion: fuel and lubricants, veterinary medicine, plant equipment, motor cars, iron and steel, electric power machines, cement and fertilizer. Major suppliers--U.S., Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela, Suriname, China, United Kingdom, Japan, Finland, Canada, Netherlands.

Geography of Guyana Area: 214,970 sq. km. (83,000 sq. mi.); about the size of Idaho. Cities: Capital--Georgetown (pop. 250,000). Other cities-- Linden (29,000) and New Amsterdam (18,000). Terrain: Low coastal plain, hilly sand and clay region, forested highlands, interior savanna. Climate: Tropical.

Government of Guyana Type: Republic within the Commonwealth. Independence: May 26, 1966; Republic, February 23, 1970. Constitution: 1980. Branches: Executive--president (chief of state and head of government), prime minister. Legislative--unicameral National Assembly of 65 deputies. The ten administrative regions of the country elect 25 members, 40 are elected from party lists by proportion of the national vote. Judicial--Judicial Court of Appeal, High Court. Subdivisions: 10 regions. Political parties (voting seats in the National Assembly): People's Progressive Party/Civic (PPP/C) 36; People's National Congress (PNC) 22; Alliance for Change (AFC) 5, Guyana Action Party/Rise Organize and Rebuild (GAP/ROAR) 1; and The United Force (TUF) 1. Presidential and parliamentary elections were last held August 28, 2006. Suffrage: Universal at 18.

Map of Guyana This Map of Guyana shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Georgetown the capital of Guyana. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Guyana The Official Name of Guyana is the Co-operative Republic of Guyana. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Guyana Nationality: Noun and adjective--Guyanese (sing. and pl.). Population (2009, Government of Guyana): 777,000. Ethnic groups: East Indian origin 43%, African origin 30%, mixed 17%, Amerindian 9%. Religions: Christian 57%, Hindu 28%, Muslim 10%, other 5%. Languages: English, Guyanese Creole, Amerindian languages (primarily Carib and Arawak). Education (2007): Years compulsory--ages 5-1/2 to 14-1/2. Attendance--primary 93.6%, secondary 93%. Literacy--98.8% of adults who have attended school. Health: Infant mortality rate--30/1,000. Life expectancy--men 64 yrs., women 69 yrs. Work force (2007 Bank of Guyana estimates): 333,900. Industry and commerce--36.4%; agriculture--30.2%; services--30.2%; other--3.2%.

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