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Countries of the World: Haiti
Resources about Haiti including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Haiti GDP (2009 est.): 6.56 billion. Real GDP growth rate (2009 est.): 2.0%. Per capita GDP (2009 est.): $733. GDP by sector (2009): Agriculture--24%; industry--8%; services--43%; other--25%. Inflation (2009 est.): -4.7%. Natural resources: Bauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold, marble. Agriculture (24% of GDP): Products--coffee, mangoes, sugarcane, rice, corn, cacao, sorghum, pulses, other fruits and vegetables. Industry (8% of GDP): Types--apparel, handicrafts, electronics assembly, food processing, beverages, tobacco products, furniture, printing, chemicals, steel. Services (43% of GDP): Commerce, hotels and restaurants, government, tourism. Trade (2009 est.): Total exports f.o.b.--$551 million: apparel, mangoes, leather and raw hides, seafood, electrical. Major market--U.S. Total imports f.o.b.--$2.04 billion: grains, soybean oil, motor vehicles, machinery, meat, vegetables, plastics, petroleum. Note: The figures reflect estimates, as national statistics may not be reliable.

Geography of Haiti Area: 27,750 sq. km. (10,714 sq. mi.); about the size of Maryland. Ile de la Gonave, Ile de la Tortue, and Ile a Vaches comprise Haiti's principal offshore territories. Cities: Capital--Port-au-Prince (est. pop. 2.35 million prior to the January 2010 earthquake). Other cities--Cap Haitien (est. pop. 250,000). Terrain: Rugged mountains with small coastal plains and river valleys, and a large east-central elevated plateau. Climate: Warm, semiarid, high humidity in many coastal areas.

Government of Haiti Type: Republic. Independence: January 1, 1804. Constitution: March 1987. Branches: Executive--President. Legislative--Senate (30 seats), Chamber of Deputies (99 seats). Judicial--Court of Cassation. Administrative subdivisions: Ten departments. Political parties and coalitions: INITE Coalition (formerly Lespwa), Alternativ Coalition (Struggling People's Organization--OPL), Alyans and Fusion of Social Democrats (FUSION), Fanmi Lavalas (FL), Ansamn Nou Fo, PLAPH Coalition (Assembly of Progressive National Democrats (RNDP) and several other parties), National Christian Party for Haiti's Reconstruction (UNION), RESPE, and several others. Suffrage: Universal at 18.

Map of Haiti This Map of Haiti shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Port-au-Prince the capital of Haiti. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Haiti The Official Name of Haiti is the Republic of Haiti. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Haiti Nationality: Noun and adjective--Haitian(s). Population (April 2010 est.): 9,900,000. Annual population growth rate: (2009 est.) 1.66%. Ethnic groups: African descent 95%, African and European descent 5%. Religions (2003 data): Roman Catholic 55%, Protestant 28%, voudou (voodoo) practices pervasive. Languages: French (official), Creole (official). Education: Years compulsory--6. Adult literacy (2003 census)-- 56%. Health: Child mortality--1 out of 8 children die before they reach the age of five. Life expectancy--62 years (women), 59 years (men).

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