Countries of the World:
Resources about Haiti including maps, facts about the land, people, history,
government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Haiti
GDP (2009 est.): 6.56 billion.
Real GDP growth rate (2009 est.): 2.0%.
Per capita GDP (2009 est.): $733.
GDP by sector (2009): Agriculture--24%; industry--8%;
Inflation (2009 est.): -4.7%.
Natural resources: Bauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold,
Agriculture (24% of GDP): Products--coffee, mangoes,
sugarcane, rice, corn, cacao, sorghum, pulses, other fruits
Industry (8% of GDP): Types--apparel, handicrafts,
electronics assembly, food processing, beverages, tobacco
products, furniture, printing, chemicals, steel.
Services (43% of GDP): Commerce, hotels and restaurants,
Trade (2009 est.): Total exports f.o.b.--$551 million:
apparel, mangoes, leather and raw hides, seafood,
electrical. Major market--U.S. Total imports f.o.b.--$2.04
billion: grains, soybean oil, motor vehicles, machinery,
meat, vegetables, plastics, petroleum.
Note: The figures reflect estimates, as national statistics
may not be reliable.
Geography of Haiti
Area: 27,750 sq. km. (10,714 sq. mi.); about the size of
Maryland. Ile de la Gonave, Ile de la Tortue, and Ile a Vaches
comprise Haiti's principal offshore territories.
Cities: Capital--Port-au-Prince (est. pop. 2.35 million prior
to the January 2010 earthquake). Other cities--Cap Haitien
(est. pop. 250,000).
Terrain: Rugged mountains with small coastal plains and river
valleys, and a large east-central elevated plateau.
Climate: Warm, semiarid, high humidity in many coastal areas.
Government of Haiti
Independence: January 1, 1804.
Constitution: March 1987.
Branches: Executive--President. Legislative--Senate (30
seats), Chamber of Deputies (99 seats). Judicial--Court of
Administrative subdivisions: Ten departments.
Political parties and coalitions: INITE Coalition (formerly
Lespwa), Alternativ Coalition (Struggling People's
Organization--OPL), Alyans and Fusion of Social Democrats
(FUSION), Fanmi Lavalas (FL), Ansamn Nou Fo, PLAPH Coalition
(Assembly of Progressive National Democrats (RNDP) and several
other parties), National Christian Party for Haiti's
Reconstruction (UNION), RESPE, and several others.
Suffrage: Universal at 18.
Map of Haiti
This Map of Haiti shows the borders of the country, as well as
rivers, and cities including Port-au-Prince the capital of
Haiti. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Haiti
The Official Name of Haiti is the Republic of Haiti. (Facts
from the U.S. State Department)
People of Haiti
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Haitian(s).
Population (April 2010 est.): 9,900,000.
Annual population growth rate: (2009 est.) 1.66%.
Ethnic groups: African descent 95%, African and European
Religions (2003 data): Roman Catholic 55%, Protestant 28%,
voudou (voodoo) practices pervasive.
Languages: French (official), Creole (official).
Education: Years compulsory--6. Adult literacy (2003 census)--
Health: Child mortality--1 out of 8 children die before they
reach the age of five. Life expectancy--62 years (women), 59
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