Countries of the World:
Resources about Hong Kong including maps, facts about the land, people, history,
government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Hong Kong
GDP (2009): $209.3 billion (at current market prices).
GDP real growth rate (2009): negative 2.8%.
Per capita GDP (2009): $29,879 (at current market prices).
Natural resources: Deepwater harbor.
Industry: Types--textiles, clothing, electronics, plastics,
toys, watches, clocks.
Trade (2009): Exports--$316.5 billion: clothing, electronics,
textiles, watches and clocks, office machinery, electrical
machinery, telecommunications equipment. Major partners--
Mainland China 51.1%, U.S. 11.6%, EU 7.1%, Japan 4.4%.
Imports--$345.1 billion: consumer goods, raw materials and
semi-manufactures, capital goods, foodstuffs, fuels. Major
partners--Mainland China 46.4%, Japan 8.8%, Singapore 6.5%,
Taiwan 6.5%, U.S. 5.3%.
Geography of Hong Kong
Area: 1,104.3 sq. km.; Hong Kong comprises Hong Kong Island,
Kowloon, the New Territories, and numerous small islands.
Terrain: Hilly to mountainous, with steep slopes and a natural
Climate: Tropical monsoon. Cool and humid in winter, hot and
rainy in spring and summer, warm and sunny in fall.
Government of Hong Kong
Type: Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's
Republic of China, with its own constitution-like charter (the
Branches: Executive--Administration: Chief Executive selected
in March 2007; Executive Council serves in an advisory role
for the Chief Executive. Legislative--Legislative Council
(LegCo) elected in September 2008. Judicial--Court of Final
Appeal is the highest court; there are other lower courts.
Subdivisions: Hong Kong, Kowloon, New Territories.
Suffrage: Permanent residents 18 years or over who have lived
in Hong Kong for the past seven years are eligible to vote in
certain local elections and for LegCo members.
Map of Hong Kong
This Map of Hong Kong shows the borders of the country, as
well as rivers, and cities. (Maps from the U.S. State
Official Name of Hong Kong
The Official Name of Hong Kong is the Hong Kong Special
Administrative Region. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Hong Kong
Population (July 2010 est.): 7.089 million.
Population growth rate (2010 est.): 0.476%.
Ethnic groups: Chinese 95%; other 5%.
Religions: About 43% participate in some form of religious
Languages: Cantonese (a dialect of Chinese) and English are
Literacy: 97.1% (98.7% male, 95.4% female).
Health (2009): Infant mortality rate--1.6/1,000. Life
expectancy--83 yrs. (overall); 79.8 yrs. male, 86.1 yrs.
Work force (2009): 3.68 million.
Work force (by occupation, 2008): Wholesale, retail, and
import/export trades and restaurants and hotels--33.5%;
finance, insurance, real estate, and business services--16.6%;
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